# Introduction to Statistics

Course

## URL study guide

https://studiegids.vu.nl/en/courses/2024-2025/L_CABAALG206

## Course Objective

The student knows the basic theory underlying elementary statistics. The student is able to answer basic research questions on the basis of a statistical analysis and is able to report on the analysis with text, tables and figures.

## Course Content

This course introduces the basic concepts underlying applied statistics. Its main focus is on elementary statistical tests. The applied techniques that will be introduced are aimed at description of observed data, and estimation of and testing null-hypotheses about single population means and proportions, differences between means and proportions. Tests that will be introduced are the z-test, the t-test, and the chi-square Goodness-of-Fit test. Students will learn how to calculate test statistics and to interpret them by means of statistical tables. During the practice sessions, students will also learn how SPSS software can be used to check their statistical analyses.

## Teaching Methods

Lectures (1 x 2 hours per week, online) and practicals (1 x 2 hours per week, on campus). Weekly assignments (4 in total).

## Method of Assessment

Multiple choice exam (100% of final grade) and assignments (0% of final grade). The exam consists of 40 multiple choice questions with 4 answer options each. The questions will cover both theoretical concepts and statistical problems to be solved. No software is allowed during the exam, only a basic calculator, the statistical formularium and statistical tables. Assignments will be graded 1 (pass/complete) or 0 (fail/incomplete). Students will have to complete all assignments to pass the course. A guess correction will be applied to the number of correct answers obtained on the multiple choice test. To qualify for a pass, students must have demonstrated mastery of at least 60% of the material after guess correction. The pass threshold is 28 correct responses (=5.5).

To be announced

## Target Audience

This course is part of the obligatory programme programme of the second year of the Bachelor Communication and Information Studies, track 'Language and Mind' and of the Premaster's programme for students in Applied Linguistics (Toegepaste Taalwetenschap). Students following a different track of the BA CIS should enroll in the course 'Applied Linguistics' (period 2) given that the latter is an obligatory part of their programme.