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Personal profile

Personal information

André Krouwel (1964) teaches political science and communication at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and is founder and co-owner of Kieskompas (Election Compass). Krouwel’s research focuses on political parties, elections, public opinion, populism and extremism (versus political moderation). He wrote his PhD on the transformation of political parties in Western Europe. Most important findings are captured in Party Transformations in European democracies at SUNY Press.

Krouwel has published articles and book chapters about online opinion polling, parliamentary and presidential election campaigns, voting behaviour, political parties and social movements. His publications focus in particular on the changing character and role of political parties in European democracies and the rise (and fall) of new political parties and political ‘entrepreneurs’. More recent work also analyses (negative) political attitudes such as political cynicism, EU-rejectionism and anti-establishment attitudes of voters across Europe. These studies highlight how populism, extremism and belief in conspiracies is related to polarisation and how this affects party democracy. Political transitions also feature in his work, from the political institution-building processes and democratisation in East and Central Europe after the fall of the Berlin Wall to the Arab Uprisings.

Krouwel’s interest in finding practical applications for scientific knowledge led to the development of an online party profiling application – Election Compass (Kieskompas). Such Vote Advice Applications allow voters to determine which political party is closest tot their own policy preferences. Used by millions of voters in more than 40 countries, Election Compass projects collect large-N non-probability samples that offer unique opportunities to study the decision-making mechanisms behind party choice.



  • Media in het publieke domein (BA)
  • Supervision BA theses Communication Science
  • Supervision BA theses Political Science/BSK

Ancillary activities

Founder and co-owner of Kieskompas B.V. (Election Compass) 


Ancillary activities

No ancillary activities

Ancillary activities are updated daily


  • Political Parties
  • Conspiracy Belief
  • Populism
  • Euroskepticism

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics where André Krouwel is active. These topic labels come from the works of this person. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

voter Social Sciences
voting Social Sciences
Netherlands Social Sciences
election Social Sciences
Politics Medicine & Life Sciences
campaign Social Sciences
democracy Social Sciences
France Social Sciences

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Research Output 1993 2019

Genuine effects of vote advice applications on party choice: Filtering out factors that affect both the advice obtained and the vote

Kleinnijenhuis, J., van de Pol, J., van Hoof, A. M. J. & Krouwel, A. P. M., 1 May 2019, In : Party Politics. 25, 3, p. 291-302 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

election campaign

Issue framing in online voting advice applications: The effect of left-wing and right-wing headers on reported attitudes

Kamoen, N., van de Pol, J., Krouwel, A., de Vreese, C. & Holleman, B., 21 Feb 2019, In : PLoS ONE. 14, 2, p. 1-16 16 p., e0212555.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access

Macronism, Corbynism,....huh?: Electoral Strategies of progressive political parties in Europe.

Krouwel, A., Kutiyski, Y., Philipp, O. & Schildberg, A., 2019, Berlin: FES Berlin. 39 p.

Research output: Book / ReportReportAcademic

Open Access
social democratic party

Macronismus, Corbynismus, ... bitte was? : Wahlstrategien progressiver Parteien in Europa

Krouwel, A., Kutiyski, Y., Philipp, O. & Schildberg, A., 2019, Berlin: FES Berlin. 8 p.

Research output: Book / ReportReportAcademic

Open Access

Mapping parties in a multidimensional European political space: A comparative study of the EUvox and EUandI party-position data sets

Reiljan, A., Kutiyski, Y. & Krouwel, A. P. M., 18 Jan 2019, In : Party Politics.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access

Activities 1998 2018

  • 33 Lecture / Presentation
  • 19 Conference
  • 4 Expert meeting

The triple challenge of the centre left in Europe

André Krouwel (Speaker)
25 May 2018

Activity: Lecture / PresentationProfessional

COST Conspiracy Beliefs Bilderberg Meeting

André Krouwel (Participant)
25 May 201826 May 2018

Activity: Participating in or organising an eventConferenceAcademic

Speakers Corner

André Krouwel (Speaker)
22 Feb 2018

Activity: Lecture / PresentationProfessional

Closing Conference VoteAdvice ITN Project EU

André Krouwel (Participant)
19 Feb 201820 Feb 2018

Activity: Participating in or organising an eventConferenceAcademic

De randen van de politiek: politieke consequenties van ideologische rigiditeit

André Krouwel (Speaker)
30 Aug 2018

Activity: Lecture / PresentationAcademic


De Tegel (categorie Nieuws Multi-Media)

Bas de Vries (Recipient) & André Krouwel (Recipient), 1 Dec 2006