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Personal profile

Personal information

André Krouwel (1964) teaches political science and communication at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and is founder and co-owner of Kieskompas (Election Compass). Krouwel’s research focuses on political parties and elections. He wrote his PhD on the transformation of political parties in Western Europe. His most recent book is Party Transformations in European democracies at SUNY Press.

Krouwel’s publications focus in particular on the changing character and role of political parties in European democracies and the rise (and fall) of new political parties and political ‘entrepreneurs’. More recent work also analyses (negative) political attitudes such as political cynicism, EU-rejectionism and anti-establishment Euro attitudes of voters across Europe. Krouwel has published articles and book chapters on online opinion polling, parliamentary and presidential election campaigns, voting behaviour, political parties and social movements. Political transitions also feature in his work, from the political institution-building processes and democratisation in East and Central Europe after the fall of the Berlin Wall to the Arab Uprisings.

Krouwel’s interest in finding practical applications for scientific knowledge led to the development of an online party profiling application – Election Compass (Kieskompas). Such Vote Advice Applications allow voters to determine which political party is closest tot their own policy preferences. Used by millions of voters in more than 40 countries, Election Compass projects collect large N non-probability samples that offer unique opportunities to study the decision-making mechanisms behind party choice.



  • Media in het publieke domein (BA)
  • Supervision BA theses Communication Science
  • Supervision BA theses Political Science/BSK

Ancillary activities

Founder and co-owner of Kieskompas B.V. (Election Compass) 


Ancillary activities

No ancillary activities

Ancillary activities are updated daily


  • Political Parties
  • Conspiracy Belief
  • Populism
  • Euroskepticism

Fingerprint Fingerprint is based on mining the text of the person's scientific documents to create an index of weighted terms, which defines the key subjects of each individual researcher.

voter Social Sciences
voting Social Sciences
Netherlands Social Sciences
election Social Sciences
Politics Medicine & Life Sciences
Christian democratic party Social Sciences
democracy Social Sciences
parliamentarism Social Sciences

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Research Output 1993 2019

Issue framing in online voting advice applications: The effect of left-wing and right-wing headers on reported attitudes

Kamoen, N., van de Pol, J., Krouwel, A., de Vreese, C. & Holleman, B., 21 Feb 2019, In : PLoS ONE. 14, 2, p. 1-16 16 p., e0212555.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Mapping parties in a multidimensional European political space: A comparative study of the EUvox and EUandI party-position data sets

Reiljan, A., Kutiyski, Y. & Krouwel, A. P. M., 18 Jan 2019, In : Party Politics.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
political attitude
European integration
party preference

Psychological Features of Extreme Political Ideologies

van Prooijen, J. W. & Krouwel, A. P. M., 29 Jan 2019, In : Current Directions in Psychological Science. p. 1-5 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
Social Perception
Conflict (Psychology)

Same but different: a typology of Voting Advice Application users in first- and second-order elections

van de Pol, J., Kamoen, N., Krouwel, A., de Vreese, C. & Holleman, B., 1 Apr 2019, In : Acta Politica. 54, 2, p. 225-244 19 p.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

party preference

Activities 1998 2018

  • 33 Lecture / Presentation
  • 19 Conference
  • 4 Expert meeting

Kiezers en thuisblijvers in waterschapsverkiezingen

André Krouwel (Speaker)
14 Nov 2018

Activity: Lecture / PresentationProfessional

Training School Quantitative Methods in the Study of Conspiracy Belief

André Krouwel (Member of programme committee)
30 Jul 20183 Aug 2018

Activity: Participating in or organising an eventConferenceAcademic

Speakers Corner

André Krouwel (Speaker)
22 Feb 2018

Activity: Lecture / PresentationProfessional

Typen niet-stemmers. Presentatie van onderzoek voor Ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken

André Krouwel (Speaker)
16 Nov 2018

Activity: Lecture / PresentationProfessional

Who votes in the European Elections?

André Krouwel (Speaker)
20 Jun 2018

Activity: Lecture / PresentationProfessional


De Tegel (categorie Nieuws Multi-Media)

Bas de Vries (Recipient) & A.P.M. Krouwel (Recipient), 1 Dec 2006