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Personal information

André Krouwel (1964) teaches political science and communication at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and is Academic Director of Kieskompas (Election Compass). Krouwel’s research focuses on political parties and elections. He wrote his PhD on the transformation of political parties in Western Europe. His most recent book is Party Transformations in European democracies at SUNY Press.

Krouwel’s publications focus in particular on the changing character and role of political parties in European democracies and the rise (and fall) of new political parties and political ‘entrepreneurs’. More recent work also analyses (negative) political attitudes such as political cynicism, EU-rejectionism and anti-establishment Euro attitudes of voters across Europe. Krouwel has published articles and book chapters on online opinion polling, parliamentary and presidential election campaigns, voting behaviour, political parties and social movements. Political transitions also feature in his work, from the political institution-building processes and democratisation in East and Central Europe after the fall of the Berlin Wall to the Arab Uprisings.

Krouwel’s interest in finding practical applications for scientific knowledge led to the development of an online party profiling application – Election Compass (Kieskompas). Such Vote Advice Applications allow voters to determine which political party is closest tot their own policy preferences. Used by millions of voters in more than 40 countries, Election Compass projects collect large N non-probability samples that offer unique opportunities to study the decision-making mechanisms behind party choice.



  • Media in het publieke domein (BA)
  • Supervision BA theses Communication Science
  • Supervision BA theses Political Science/BSK

Ancillary activities

No ancillary activities

Ancillary activities are updated daily

Fingerprint Fingerprint is based on mining the text of the person's scientific documents to create an index of weighted terms, which defines the key subjects of each individual researcher.

voter Social Sciences
voting Social Sciences
Netherlands Social Sciences
election Social Sciences
democracy Social Sciences
Christian democratic party Social Sciences
parliamentarism Social Sciences
social democratic party Social Sciences

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Research Output 1993 2018

De DENK-stemmer: progressief én conservatief?

Vermeulen, F., Otjes, S. P. & Krouwel, A. P. M., 22 Jan 2018

Research output: Online publication or Non-textual formOnline publication or WebsiteProfessional

Open Access

De SGP-kiezer: Wel radicaal en rechts maar niet radicaal-rechts populistisch?

Otjes, S. P. & Krouwel, A. P. M., 2018, (Accepted/In press) Theocratie en populisme. Staatkundig gereformeerden en de stem van het volk. de Jager, K-J. (ed.). Apeldoorn: Labarum Academic, (Biblebelt Series ; vol. 5)

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

Dynamiques de campagne et choix des candidats. La primaire de la droite et du centre au miroir de la boussole présidentielle® (2016-2017).

Vitiello, T., Cautrès, B., Martigny, V., Strudel, S. & Krouwel, A. P. M., 16 Mar 2018, In : Revue française de science politique. 67, 6, p. 1131 - 1151 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
election campaign

Ideological responses to the EU refugee crisis: The left, the right, and the extremes

van Prooijen, J. W., Krouwel, A. P. M. & Emmer, J., Mar 2018, In : Social Psychological & Personality Science. 9, 2, p. 143-150 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
European Union
Self Efficacy

I Don't Know. The Effect of Question Polarity on No-opinion Answers

Kamoen, N., van de Pol, J., Krouwel, A. P. M., de Vreese, C. & Holleman, B., 15 Mar 2018

Research output: Online publication or Non-textual formOnline publication or WebsiteAcademic

Open Access
political attitude

Activities 1998 2015

  • 11 Lecture / Presentation

The rigidity of the extremes

van Prooijen, J. W. (Speaker), Krouwel, A. P. M. (Speaker)
11 Dec 2015

Activity: Lecture / PresentationAcademic

Political extremism predicts belief in conspiracy theories

van Prooijen, J. W. (Speaker), Krouwel, A. P. M. (Speaker), T.V. Pollet (Speaker)
4 Dec 2015

Activity: Lecture / PresentationAcademic

Primaries, inner party candidate selection and its consequences

Krouwel, A. P. M. (Speaker)
5 Nov 2000

Activity: Lecture / PresentationAcademic

The presidentialisation of East-Central European countries

Krouwel, A. P. M. (Speaker)
14 Apr 2000

Activity: Lecture / PresentationAcademic


De Tegel (categorie Nieuws Multi-Media)

Bas de Vries (Recipient) & A.P.M. Krouwel (Recipient), 1 Dec 2006

Prize: Prize / AwardSocietal