Personal profile

Personal information

André Krouwel (1964) teaches political science and communication at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and is Academic Director of Kieskompas (Election Compass). Krouwel’s research focuses on political parties and elections. He wrote his PhD on the transformation of political parties in Western Europe. His most recent book is Party Transformations in European democracies at SUNY Press.

Krouwel’s publications focus in particular on the changing character and role of political parties in European democracies and the rise (and fall) of new political parties and political ‘entrepreneurs’. More recent work also analyses (negative) political attitudes such as political cynicism, EU-rejectionism and anti-establishment Euro attitudes of voters across Europe. Krouwel has published articles and book chapters on online opinion polling, parliamentary and presidential election campaigns, voting behaviour, political parties and social movements. Political transitions also feature in his work, from the political institution-building processes and democratisation in East and Central Europe after the fall of the Berlin Wall to the Arab Uprisings.

Krouwel’s interest in finding practical applications for scientific knowledge led to the development of an online party profiling application – Election Compass (Kieskompas). Such Vote Advice Applications allow voters to determine which political party is closest tot their own policy preferences. Used by millions of voters in more than 40 countries, Election Compass projects collect large N non-probability samples that offer unique opportunities to study the decision-making mechanisms behind party choice.



  • Media in het publieke domein (BA)
  • Supervision BA theses Communication Science
  • Supervision BA theses Political Science/BSK

Ancillary activities

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Last update Ancillary Activities: Amsterdam (2018-02-17)

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Research Output 1993 2018

Open Access

Party competition in the Middle East: spatial competition in the post-Arab Spring era

Çarkoğlu, A., Krouwel, A. P. M. & Yildrim, K. 24 Jan 2018 In : British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies. p. 1-24 24 p., 1

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewArticle

Open Access

Why do newcomers vote for a newcomer? Support for an immigrant party

Otjes, S. & Krouwel, A. P. M. 8 Jan 2018 In : Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. p. 1-20 20 p., 1

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewArticle

Open Access

Brexit was not the voice of the working class nor of the uneducated - it was of the squeezed middle

Antonucci, L., Horvath, L. G. & Krouwel, A. P. M. 10 Oct 2017

Research output: ScientificOnline publication or Website

Open Access

De grijze revolte: 50Plus stemmers in beeld

Otjes, S. P. & Krouwel, A. P. M. 2017 In : Geron. 2017, 4, p. 48-51 4 p., 10

Research output: ProfessionalArticle

Open Access