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André Krouwel (1964) teaches political science and communication at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and is Academic Director of Kieskompas (Election Compass). Krouwel’s research focuses on political parties and elections. He wrote his PhD on the transformation of political parties in Western Europe. His most recent book is Party Transformations in European democracies at SUNY Press.

Krouwel’s publications focus in particular on the changing character and role of political parties in European democracies and the rise (and fall) of new political parties and political ‘entrepreneurs’. More recent work also analyses (negative) political attitudes such as political cynicism, EU-rejectionism and anti-establishment Euro attitudes of voters across Europe. Krouwel has published articles and book chapters on online opinion polling, parliamentary and presidential election campaigns, voting behaviour, political parties and social movements. Political transitions also feature in his work, from the political institution-building processes and democratisation in East and Central Europe after the fall of the Berlin Wall to the Arab Uprisings.

Krouwel’s interest in finding practical applications for scientific knowledge led to the development of an online party profiling application – Election Compass (Kieskompas). Such Vote Advice Applications allow voters to determine which political party is closest tot their own policy preferences. Used by millions of voters in more than 40 countries, Election Compass projects collect large N non-probability samples that offer unique opportunities to study the decision-making mechanisms behind party choice.



  • Media in het publieke domein (BA)
  • Supervision BA theses Communication Science
  • Supervision BA theses Political Science/BSK

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Research Output 1993 2018

Does extreme political ideology predict conspiracy beliefs, economic evaluations and political trust? Evidence from Sweden

Krouwel, A., Kutiyski, Y., van Prooijen, J. W., Martinsson, J. & Markstedt, E. 28 Oct 2018 In : Journal of Social and Political Psychology. 5, 2, p. 435-462 28 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access

Dynamiques de campagne et choix des candidats.: La primaire de la droite et du centre au miroir de la boussole présidentielle® (2016-2017).

Vitiello, T., Cautrès, B., Martigny, V., Strudel, S. & Krouwel, A. P. M. 16 Mar 2018 In : Revue française de science politique. 67, 6, p. 1131 - 1151 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
Open Access

I Don't Know. The Effect of Question Polarity on No-opinion Answers

Kamoen, N., van de Pol, J., Krouwel, A. P. M., de Vreese, C. & Holleman, B. 15 Mar 2018

Research output: Non-textual formOnline publication or Website

Open Access
Open Access