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Personal information

André Krouwel (1964) teaches political science and communication at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and is Academic Director of Kieskompas (Election Compass). Krouwel’s research focuses on political parties and elections. He wrote his PhD on the transformation of political parties in Western Europe. His most recent book is Party Transformations in European democracies at SUNY Press.

Krouwel’s publications focus in particular on the changing character and role of political parties in European democracies and the rise (and fall) of new political parties and political ‘entrepreneurs’. More recent work also analyses (negative) political attitudes such as political cynicism, EU-rejectionism and anti-establishment Euro attitudes of voters across Europe. Krouwel has published articles and book chapters on online opinion polling, parliamentary and presidential election campaigns, voting behaviour, political parties and social movements. Political transitions also feature in his work, from the political institution-building processes and democratisation in East and Central Europe after the fall of the Berlin Wall to the Arab Uprisings.

Krouwel’s interest in finding practical applications for scientific knowledge led to the development of an online party profiling application – Election Compass (Kieskompas). Such Vote Advice Applications allow voters to determine which political party is closest tot their own policy preferences. Used by millions of voters in more than 40 countries, Election Compass projects collect large N non-probability samples that offer unique opportunities to study the decision-making mechanisms behind party choice.



  • Media in het publieke domein (BA)
  • Supervision BA theses Communication Science
  • Supervision BA theses Political Science/BSK

Ancillary activities

No ancillary activities

Ancillary activities are updated daily

Ancillary activities

Founder and co-owner of Kieskompas B.V. (Election Compass) 


Fingerprint Fingerprint is based on mining the text of the person's scientific documents to create an index of weighted terms, which defines the key subjects of each individual researcher.

voter Social Sciences
voting Social Sciences
Netherlands Social Sciences
election Social Sciences
democracy Social Sciences
Christian democratic party Social Sciences
parliamentarism Social Sciences
France Social Sciences

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Research Output 1993 2019

Mapping parties in a multidimensional European political space: A comparative study of the EUvox and EUandI party-position data sets

Reiljan, A., Kutiyski, Y. & Krouwel, A. P. M., 18 Jan 2019, In : Party Politics.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access

Psychological Features of Extreme Political Ideologies

van Prooijen, J. W. & Krouwel, A. P. M., 29 Jan 2019, In : Current Directions in Psychological Science. p. 1-5 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
Social Perception
Conflict (Psychology)

De DENK-stemmer: progressief én conservatief?

Vermeulen, F., Otjes, S. P. & Krouwel, A. P. M., 22 Jan 2018

Research output: Online publication or Non-textual formOnline publication or WebsiteProfessional

Open Access

De SGP-kiezer: Wel radicaal en rechts maar niet radicaal-rechts populistisch?

Otjes, S. P. & Krouwel, A. P. M., 2018, Theocratie en populisme. Staatkundig gereformeerden en de stem van het volk. de Jager, K-J. (ed.). Apeldoorn: Labarum Academic, (Biblebelt Series ; vol. 5)

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

Does extreme political ideology predict conspiracy beliefs, economic evaluations and political trust? Evidence from Sweden

Krouwel, A., Kutiyski, Y., van Prooijen, J. W., Martinsson, J. & Markstedt, E., 28 Oct 2018, In : Journal of Social and Political Psychology. 5, 2, p. 435-462 28 p.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
political ideology
Cost-Benefit Analysis

Activities 1998 2018

  • 33 Lecture / Presentation
  • 19 Conference
  • 4 Expert meeting

Typen niet-stemmers. Presentatie van onderzoek voor Ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken

Krouwel, A. P. M. (Speaker)
16 Nov 2018

Activity: Lecture / PresentationProfessional

Closing Conference VoteAdvice ITN Project EU

Krouwel, A. P. M. (Participant)
19 Feb 201820 Feb 2018

Activity: Participating in or organising an eventConferenceAcademic

COST Conspiracy Beliefs Bilderberg Meeting

Krouwel, A. P. M. (Participant)
25 May 201826 May 2018

Activity: Participating in or organising an eventConferenceAcademic

Ondernemersdevat Vijfheerenlanden

Krouwel, A. P. M. (Chair)
29 Oct 2018

Activity: Participating in or organising an eventConferenceSocietal

Anti-Immigrant Populist Parties and the Triple Challenge for Mainstream Parties

Krouwel, A. P. M. (Speaker)
27 Sep 2018

Activity: Lecture / PresentationAcademic


De Tegel (categorie Nieuws Multi-Media)

Bas de Vries (Recipient) & A.P.M. Krouwel (Recipient), 1 Dec 2006