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Internet law in a nutshell


Arno R. Lodder is a professor of Internet Governance and Regulation at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam Department Transnational Legal Studies, Amsterdam Law & Technology Institute). In his research and lecturing he focuses on topics related to law and internet, such as liability, contracting, security, privacy, freedom of speech, cybercrime; and phenomena related to big data, social media, cyberwar, internet of things, smart devices and apps.

He has published over 30 (co-)edited and (co-)authored books, such as DiaLaw on Legal Justification and Dialogical Models of Argumentation (1999), e-Directives, Guide To European Union Law On E-commerce (2002), Information Technology and Lawyers. Advanced Technology in the Legal Domain (2006), Enhanced Dispute Resolution Through the Use of Information Technology (2010), Cyberlaw in the Netherlands (2016), and EU Regulation of E-commerce (2017).


Finshed Ph.Ds

11. 2024 - Maud van Erp (& Van Schoonhoven), Een privacyrechtelijk perspectief op de (zieke) MBO-Student, defense VU 8 April

10. 2024 - Ioana Bratu (&Van der Dunk), Charting the uncharted waters: non-contractual liabilities for damage caused by GNSS-enabled Artificial Intelligence. Legal challenges in international space law and European tort law, defense VU 2 February.

9. 2021 - Peter Olsthoorn (&Van der Linden/Zwenne), Baas over eigen data. Zelfbeschikking in bescherming van persoonsgegevens, defense VU 23 September

8. 2020 - Batu Kinikoglu (&Neppelenbroek), Copyright on Virtual Items in Virtual Worlds:Governance, Copyrightability, Infringement, Liability. defense VU 2 July

7. 2019 - Tijmen Wisman (&Murray/Van der Linden), The Quest for the Effective Protection of the Right to Privacy: On the Policy and Rulemaking on Mandatory Internet of Things systems in the European Union, defense VU 23 January

6. 2018 - Mariette Lokin (&Van Ommeren), Wendbaar wetgeven. De wetgever als systeembeheerder, defense VU 31 October

5. 2017 - Daniel Dimov (&Van den Herik), Crowdsourced Online Dispute Resolution, Defense Leiden 27 June

4. 2017 - Lianne Boer (&Werner), International Law as we Know it. Cyberwar Discourse and the Construction of Knowledge in International Legal Scholarship, defense VU 3 April (Cum Laude)

3. 2016 - Rob van den Hoven van Genderen (&Oskamp), Privacy Limitation Clauses: Trojan Horses under the Disguise of Democracy. On the Reduction of Privacy by National Authorities in Cases of National Security and Justice Matters, defense VU 10 June

2. 2007 - Stephanie Bol (&Kaspersen), Mediation en Internet. Analyse van juridische regels en noodzakelijke waarborgen voor e-mediation, defense VU 5 November

1. 2003 - Jan Peter Bergfeld (&Kaspersen), Validatie en bijstandswet. Van papier tijger naar elektronische waakhond, defense VU 10 June

Ph.D Committees

He served in the Netherlands and Australia (University of Western Sydney, University of Ballarat), Ireland (University of Cork), Israel (Universtiy of Tel Aviv), Italy (University of Bologna), Norway (University of Oslo), Portugal  (University of Evora), and UK (University of Liverpool).

Current PhDs

  1. Magdalena Jozwiak (&Davies), Privacy and Freedom of Speech
  2. Jeffrey Bholasing (&Wisman), Privacy and big data
  3. Hans Koning (&Van der Linden) -  Blockchain, or Governance of Nascent Technologies 
  4. Sam Rezai (&De Conca) - Disclosures in e-commerce US/EU
  5. Ryabtsev, Kirill (&Schrepel) - Blockchain and forks



He is involved in the Dutch legal master Internet, IP and ICT (2011-), the English Bachelor Minor Technology, Law, and Ethics (2017-), and the English legal master International Technology Law (2018-). His internet law group offers about 15 courses in Dutch/English on legal (and ethical) aspects of i.a. blockchain (master course as of 2018/19), robots and artificial intelligence (bachelor course as of 2017/18, master 2018/19), e-commerce, data protection, copyright, and cybercrime. As supervisor he was involved with over 100 master theses. 

  • Bachelor: Governance and Regulation of Emerging Technologies, Internet Governance, Robot Law and AI, Data analytics and Privacy
  • Master: Actualiteiten internetrecht, E-commerce Law, Blockchain and other disruptive business-tech challenges to the law, Law and Ethics of Robots and AI,  Privacy en security, Cybercrime
  • Postinitieel: GDPR, Elektronisch contracteren, Internetrecht

Ancillary activities

  • SURF | Utrecht | Lid Wetenschappelijke Technische Raad | 2020-07-01 - present
  • Rechtbank Amsterdam | Amsterdam | rechter | 2021-09-24 - present

Ancillary activities are updated daily


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Collaborations and top research areas from the last five years

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