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After receiving his Bachelor degrees in European Studies and Law at the University of Amsterdam, Dion Kramer moved to the UK for a research master in International Relations at the University of Cambridge in 2013. He returned to the University of Amsterdam for an LL.M. in European Union Law where he also worked as a student-assistant in the field of migration law. After completing a research internship at the Clingendael Institute of International Relations, he works as a PhD Candidate at the Vrije Universiteit since February 2015 under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Gareth Davies (VU) and Dr. Franca van Hooren  (UvA).


Dion Kramer conducts research within the NORFACE funded research project TransJudFare, a collaborative research program between the VU and the universities of Bremen, Copenhagen and Salzburg. TransJudFare explores systematically and comparatively the impact of case law of the European Court of Justice on the national welfare states of the European Union.


Dion’s research focuses on the mutual tension between European integration, the free movement of persons in particular, and the national welfare state. Spurred by an activist European Court of Justice, EU law governs to an increasingly larger extent the entitlements of EU citizens to social benefits in their host Member State. This unique position of the EU citizen within a nationally bounded welfare state forms the source for complex policy issues that are being contested in a dynamic process between politics, administrations, the judiciary and the EU citizen him/herself. While concerns over ‘welfare tourism’ or ‘the numbers’ are politically debated, few is known about the actual impact of EU law on the access and organization of the national welfare state.



Taking the Dutch welfare state as his case study, his research will lead him towards a PhD dissertation on the judicial Europeanisation of the Dutch welfare system, the tension between European market integration and the nationally bounded welfare state and the transformation of social citizenship in the Netherlands and the European Union.


Principles European Law, BA Law, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

Economic and Legal Integration of Europe, BA European Studies, University of Amsterdam

Education / Academic qualification

European Union Law, Master, University of Amsterdam


International Relations, Master, University of Cambridge


Research Output 2015 2018

  • 6 Article
  • 4 Online publication or Website
  • 1 Working paper

A Right to Reside for the Unemployed Self-Employed: The Case Gusa (C-442/16)

Kramer, D. 10 Jan 2018

Research output: ProfessionalOnline publication or Website

ECJ judges read the morning papers: Explaining the turnaround of European citizenship jurisprudence

Blauberger, M., Heindlmaier, A., Kramer, D., Sindbjerg Martinsen, D., Sampson Thierry, J., Schenk, A. & Werner, B. 2018 (Accepted/In press) In : Journal of European Public Policy.

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewArticle

Responding to Free Movement: Quarantining Mobile Union Citizens in European Welfare States

Kramer, D., Sampson Thierry, J. & Van Hooren, F. 2018 (Accepted/In press) In : Journal of European Public Policy.

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewArticle

Kostendelersnorm, bijstand en Unieburger, Koppelingswet 2.0?

Kramer, D. 18 Jan 2017 In : Asiel&Migrantenrecht. 2017, 1, p. 4-9

Research output: ProfessionalArticle