Personal profile

Personal information

Erik Verhoef (1966) graduated in Economics at the University of Groningen (1991), and obtained a PhD in Economics at VU Amsterdam on a thesis entitled “The regulation of road transport externalities”. He is now affiliated as a full professor in Spatial Economics at this same university, and as a research fellow at the Tinbergen Institute. He has been Vice (Research) Dean of the School of Business and Economics, and is currently Head of Department of Spatial Economics, both at VU Amsterdam.

His research focuses on efficiency and equity aspects of spatial externalities and their economic regulation, in particular in transport, urban and spatial systems. Important research themes include second-best regulation, network- and spatial analysis and methodological development, efficiency aspects versus equity and social acceptability, industrial organization in network markets, valuation and behavioural modelling, and policy evaluation. He has been involved in various national and international research consortia. His research is at the interface of welfare-, micro-, transport-, urban-, spatial- and environmental economics. He has published various books and numerous articles on these topics.


Traffic congestion, static and dynamic network analysis, urban externalities, second-best regulation, efficiency and equity aspects of spatial externalities and regulation, spatial equilibrium modelling, valuation, transport economics, urban economics.


Erik Verhoef teaches, among others, courses in Environmental and Transport Economics (2nd year BA), Transport Economics (MSc), Microeconomics (MSc), and Spatial and Transport Economics at the Tinbergen Institute (M-phil).


European (selected projects)


Dutch (selected projects)

  • 2016-2020 U-Smile (NWO SURF), Overall coordinator -
  • 2009-2014 i-PriSM (NWO DBR), Overall coordinator
  • 2006-2009 Verzekeren per Kilometer (Transumo)
  • 2006-2009 Benuttingsproef (Transumo), Scientific coordinator
  • 2006-2007 The value of travel time and travel time reliability: survey design (Dutch Ministry of Transport)
  • 2004 Design and impacts of pricing policies for road transport (Dutch Ministry of Transport)
  • 2002-2006 MD-PIT (NWO-Connekt), Overall coordinator
  • 1998 Economische Effecten van Rekeningrijden (Ministerie van Verkeer en Waterstaat)
  • 1996-1997 Policy Instruments for Energy Efficiency Improvement (NWO)
  • 1996 De maatschappelijke haalbaarheid van rekeningrijden (Ministerie van Verkeer en Waterstaat)

Prizes and Awards

  • Advanced ERC Grant 2010 “OPTION: Optimizing Policies for Transport: accounting for Industrial Organization in Network markets”.

  • Elected Fellow of the Regional Science Association International (2010).

  • Highly Cited Author Award 2004 – 2008, Journal of Urban Economics. For the paper “The economics of airport congestion pricing”.

  • Reimut Jochimsen Prize 2006 for the paper “Auctioning Concessions for Private Roads” (with Barry Ubbels)
  • RSUE Award for Innovative Research by Recent Doctoral Candidates 2000, awarded by Regional Science and Urban Economics for the paper “Second-best congestion pricing in general static transportation networks with elastic demands”.
  • The Epainos Prize 1996, European Regional Science Association.

  • Honorable Mention for the 1996 Dissertation Prize of the Transportation Science Section of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences.

Ancillary activities

  • Raad van Advies Verkeers- en Vervoermodellen RWS | onbekend | Lid | 2015-01-01
  • Kennisinstituut voor Mobiliteitsbeleid | Den Haag | Fellow | 2016-08-01
  • Stichting Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek Verkeersveiligheid (SWO | Onbekend | Lid Raad van Toezicht | 2016-09-23

Ancillary activities are updated daily

Education/Academic qualification


1 Feb 199231 Jan 1996


1 Sep 19851 Nov 1991

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Research Output 1994 2017

A generic marginal value function for natural areas

Koetse, M. J., Verhoef, E. T. & Brander, L. M. 1 Jan 2017 In : The Annals of Regional Science. 58, 1, p. 159-179 21 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access

Cost recovery of congested infrastructure under market power

Verhoef, E. T. 1 Sep 2017 In : Journal of Urban Economics. 101, p. 45-56 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Domestic Market Power in the International Airline Industry

de Jong, G., Behrens, C. L., van Herk, H. & Verhoef, E. T. 2017 Amsterdam: Tinbergen Institute, 34 p.(Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper; no. 17-009/VIII)

Research output: Working paper

Dynamic equilibrium at a congestible facility under market power

Verhoef, E. T. & Silva, H. E. 1 Nov 2017 In : Transportation Research Part B: Methodological. 105, p. 174-192 19 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Economic evaluation of urban and spatial policies

Levkovich, O. D. 2017 191 p.

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research VU, graduation VU

Open Access