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Personal profile

Personal information

Erik Verhoef (1966) graduated in Economics at the University of Groningen (1991), and obtained a PhD in Economics at VU Amsterdam on a thesis entitled “The regulation of road transport externalities”. He is now affiliated as a full professor in Spatial Economics at this same university, and as a research fellow at the Tinbergen Institute. He has been Vice (Research) Dean of the School of Business and Economics, and is currently Head of Department of Spatial Economics, both at VU Amsterdam.

Erik Verhoef's research focuses on efficiency and equity aspects of spatial externalities and their economic regulation, in particular in transport, urban and spatial systems. Important research themes include second-best regulation, network- and spatial analysis and methodological development, efficiency aspects versus equity and social acceptability, industrial organization in network markets, valuation and behavioural modelling, and policy evaluation. He has been involved in various national and international research consortia. His research is at the interface of welfare-, micro-, transport-, urban-, spatial- and environmental economics. He has published various books and numerous articles on these topics.

For recent media appearances of Erik Verhoef and colleagues from the Department of Spatial Economics, please visit facebook.


Traffic congestion, static and dynamic network analysis, urban externalities, second-best regulation, efficiency and equity aspects of spatial externalities and regulation, spatial equilibrium modelling, valuation, transport economics, urban economics.


Erik Verhoef teaches, among others, courses in Environmental and Transport Economics (2nd year BA), Transport Economics (MSc), Microeconomics (MSc), and Spatial and Transport Economics at the Tinbergen Institute (M-phil).


European (selected projects)

 Dutch (selected projects)

  • 2016-2020 U-Smile (NWO SURF), Overall coordinator - www.sbe.vu.nl/u-smile
  • 2009-2014 i-PriSM (NWO DBR), Overall coordinator
  • 2006-2009 Verzekeren per Kilometer (Transumo)
  • 2006-2009 Benuttingsproef (Transumo), Scientific coordinator
  • 2006-2007 The value of travel time and travel time reliability: survey design (Dutch Ministry of Transport)
  • 2004 Design and impacts of pricing policies for road transport (Dutch Ministry of Transport)
  • 2002-2006 MD-PIT (NWO-Connekt), Overall coordinator
  • 1998 Economische Effecten van Rekeningrijden (Ministerie van Verkeer en Waterstaat)
  • 1996-1997 Policy Instruments for Energy Efficiency Improvement (NWO)
  • 1996 De maatschappelijke haalbaarheid van rekeningrijden (Ministerie van Verkeer en Waterstaat)

Prizes and Awards

  • Advanced ERC Grant 2010 “OPTION: Optimizing Policies for Transport: accounting for Industrial Organization in Network markets”.

  • Elected Fellow of the Regional Science Association International (2010).

  • Highly Cited Author Award 2004 – 2008, Journal of Urban Economics. For the paper “The economics of airport congestion pricing”.

  • Reimut Jochimsen Prize 2006 for the paper “Auctioning Concessions for Private Roads” (with Barry Ubbels)
  • RSUE Award for Innovative Research by Recent Doctoral Candidates 2000, awarded by Regional Science and Urban Economics for the paper “Second-best congestion pricing in general static transportation networks with elastic demands”.
  • The Epainos Prize 1996, European Regional Science Association.

  • Honorable Mention for the 1996 Dissertation Prize of the Transportation Science Section of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences.

Ancillary activities

  • Raad van Advies Verkeers- en Vervoermodellen RWS | onbekend | Lid | 2015-01-01 - present
  • Kennisinstituut voor Mobiliteitsbeleid | Den Haag | Fellow | 2016-08-01 - present
  • Stichting Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek Verkeersveiligheid (SWO | Onbekend | Lid Raad van Toezicht | 2016-09-23 - present

Ancillary activities are updated daily

Education/Academic qualification


1 Feb 199231 Jan 1996


1 Sep 19851 Nov 1991

Fingerprint Fingerprint is based on mining the text of the person's scientific documents to create an index of weighted terms, which defines the key subjects of each individual researcher.

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pricing Social Sciences
congestion Earth & Environmental Sciences
road Social Sciences
costs Social Sciences
travel Social Sciences
traffic congestion Earth & Environmental Sciences
welfare Social Sciences
road pricing Earth & Environmental Sciences

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Research Output 1994 2019

Domestic Market Power in the International Airline Industry

de Jong, G., Behrens, C. L., van Herk, H. & Verhoef, E., 2019, (Accepted/In press) In : Transportation Science.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access

Regulating dynamic congestion externalities with tradable credit schemes: does a unique equilibrium exist?

Bao, Y., Verhoef, E. & Koster, P. R., 2019, 017/VIII ed., Amsterdam: Tinbergen Institute, 20 p. (TI Discussion Paper Series; vol. 2019, no. 017/VIII).

Research output: Working paperAcademic

The economics of roads: Congestion, public transit and accident management

Adler, M. W., 2019, 169 p.

Research output: PhD ThesisPhD Thesis - Research VU, graduation VUAcademic

Open Access

Tradable permits to manage urban mobility: market design and experimental implementation

Brands, D. K., Verhoef, E., Knockaert, J. S. A. & Koster, P. R., 2019, 007/VIII ed., Amsterdam: Tinbergen Institute, 18 p. (TI Discussion Paper Series; vol. 2019, no. 007/VIII).

Research output: Working paperAcademic

International airline codesharing and consumer choice behavior: misconceptions vs. quality signals

de Jong, G., Behrens, C. L., van Herk, H. & Verhoef, E., 2018, Amsterdam: Tinbergen Institute, (Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper Series; vol. 18-077/VIII).

Research output: Working paperAcademic

Quality signal
Choice behavior
Consumer choice
Code sharing

Activities 1997 2018

  • 16 Lecture / Presentation
  • 14 Editorial work
  • 1 Membership

Verhandelbare spitsrechten

Erik Verhoef (Speaker)
15 May 2018

Activity: Lecture / PresentationProfessional

Mobility and the city: policies for sustainability

Erik Verhoef (Keynote speaker)
20 Jun 2018

Activity: Lecture / PresentationProfessional

Verhandelbare spitsrechten

Erik Verhoef (Speaker)
15 May 2018

Activity: Lecture / PresentationProfessional

Fellow of Netherlands Institute for Transport Policy Analysis (External organisation)

E.T. Verhoef (Member)

Activity: MembershipAcademic

Scheduling in Transportation Markets: Endogeneity of desired arrival times

Erik Verhoef (Keynote speaker)
14 Oct 2015

Activity: Lecture / PresentationProfessional


Grant for Evaluation Opening Noord-Zuidlijn

E.T. Verhoef (Recipient), P.R. Koster (Recipient), E. Koomen (Recipient), J. Rouwendal (Recipient) & J.S.A. Knockaert (Recipient), 2017


real estate
labor market
urban transport
urban region
energy use
environmental quality


E.T. Verhoef (Recipient), 2018


urban transport
electric vehicle
public administration
public service

Press / Media

BNR's Big Five van het Vastgoed

E.T. Verhoef


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Expert Comment

#Spitsbrekers: De boer op met spitsmijdende prijsprikkels

E.T. Verhoef


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Expert Comment

Voer maar in dan die zandloper op de weg

E.T. Verhoef


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Expert Comment

Rekeningrijden lijkt weer een stapje dichterbij

E.T. Verhoef


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Expert Comment

Zo moeilijk is het niet, de files aanpakken

E.T. Verhoef


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Expert Comment