prof. dr. Kristin Kleber

prof. dr.

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Personal profile


I specialize in ancient Near Eastern history and culture, in particular in the social, legal, political and economic history of Babylonia in the first millennium BC.

In the past years I have conducted research projects on the position of Babylonian temples vis-à-vis the state (2003-2008), and on local and international trade (2008-2011). Currently I lead a Vidi-project (2014-2019) on taxation and administration in the Achaemenid Empire.

Other recurrent topics in my research are the legal history of Mesopotamia, monetary standards, money, gold and silver, as well as personal status, labour and various forms of dependency in the ancient Near East.


I teach courses in ancient Near Eastern history and culture as well as Akkadian (Assyrian and Babylonian) language courses on all levels. In addition to classes that match my research interests in Near Eastern social, economic and legal history, I am fond of teaching on ancient Near Eastern literature and religion. The oldest tales of humankind are full of wisdom; they explore life and the human condition. The Gilgamesh epic, an extraordinary piece that belongs to the classic canon of world literature, keeps inspiring artists, scientists and performers until today.

Until the end of my Vidi project in 2019, Rients de Boer takes over a part of my teaching duties.

In 2018/19 I will teach an introduction to Sumerian, followed by a beginner's reading course Sumerian. 

I am the coordinator of the faculty minor “Languages and Cultures of the Ancient Near East”.

Ancillary activities

  • Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten | Leiden | Member of the NINO scientific council | 2018-06-01 - present

Ancillary activities are updated daily

Education/Academic qualification

PhD, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster

Master, Free University of Berlin

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics where Kristin Kleber is active. These topic labels come from the works of this person. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

History Arts & Humanities
Achaemenid Empire Arts & Humanities
Ancient Near East Arts & Humanities
Legal History Arts & Humanities
Horse Arts & Humanities
Web Sites Arts & Humanities
General Public Arts & Humanities
Economic crisis Business & Economics

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Research Output 2004 2019

The Provincial System of the Neo-Babylonian Empire

Kleber, K., 12 Nov 2019, (Unpublished).

Research output: Contribution to ConferencePaperAcademic

The Religious Policy of the Teispid and Achaemenid Kings in Babylonia.

Kleber, K., 2019, Persische Reichspolitik und lokale Heiligümer. : Beiträge einer Tagung des Exzellenzclusters „Religion und Politik in Vormoderne und Moderne“, vom 24.-26. Februar 2016 in Münster. . Achenbach, R. (ed.). Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, p. 99-120 22 p. (Beihefte zur Zeitschrift fuer Antike Rechtsgeschichte; vol. 25).

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

„Eight Neo-Babylonian Texts with the hīṭu-Clause from the Eanna Archive (nos. 5-12).”

Kleber, K., 2019, Fault, Responsibility, and Administrative Law in Late Babylonian Legal Texts . Magdalene, F. R., Wunsch, C. & Wells, B. (eds.). Eisenbrauns / Penn State University Press, p. 355-377 23 p. (Mesopotamian Civilizations).

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

[Rezension zu:] Hackl, Johannes / Jursa, Michael / Schmidl, Martina: Spätbabylonische Privatbriefe. 2014.

Kleber, K., 5 Jun 2018, In : Orientalistische Literaturzeitung. 113, 2, p. 122-125 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to JournalBook/Film/Article reviewAcademicpeer-review

Activities 2000 2019

The Religious Policy of the Teispid and Achaemenid Kings in Babylonia.

Kristin Kleber (Speaker)
27 Apr 2019

Activity: Lecture / PresentationAcademic

Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes (Journal)

Kristin Kleber (Reviewer)
2018 → …

Activity: Peer review and Editorial workPeer reviewAcademic

Een zware last. Afgiften aan de tafel des konings in de tijd van Kambyses.

Kristin Kleber (Speaker)
27 Jan 2018

Activity: Lecture / PresentationPopular

Dubsar (Journal)

Kristin Kleber (Member of editorial board)
2018 → …

Activity: Peer review and Editorial workEditorial workAcademic



Kristin Kleber (Recipient), 2015


Mediterranean World

Conference subsidy awarded by Clue+

Kristin Kleber (Recipient), 2017


Preis für antike Rechtsgeschichte

Kristin Kleber (Recipient), 2015


Legal History

Preis für Antike Rechtsgeschichte

Kristin Kleber (Recipient), 9 Dec 2015


Legal History

Press / Media

Museum Exhibition "Van Farao tot Fiscus. Belastingen in de Oudheid"

Kristin Kleber


2 media contributions

Press/Media: Public Engagement Activities