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Personal profile

Personal information

Leon joined the department of Spatial Economics as a PhD candidate in September 2019.  Since January he was active as student assistant at the department. Before starting his PhD, he studied economics at the Tinbergen Institute.


Leon's research revolves around environment-related innovation and technology adoption. His empirical work uses patent data, firm-level microdata and surveys with the goal of understanding the drivers and barriers of such innovation and adoption decisions. His research covers topics like induced innovation, the Porter Hypothesis, the pollution haven hypothesis, the energy efficiency paradox, and the EU ETS.


Leon has been the tutor of the following bachelor and master courses at the VU and Tinbergen Institute.

  • Acedemic Skills (BSc Economics and Business Economics) (2019, 2020, 2021)
  • Environmental Economics (MSc STREEM) (2019, 2020, 2021, 2022)
  • Inclusive Growth and Sustainability (BSc) (2019, 2020, 2021)
  • Microeconomics IV: Behavioral Economics (MPhil Economics) (2019)

Further Leon is since 2019 involved with supervision of research projects and theses of master students in the MSc STREEM and MSc Economics programs.


MPhil Economics at Tinbergen Institute.

MSc Economics at Tilburg University.

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Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 9 - Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure
  • SDG 12 - Responsible Consumption and Production
  • SDG 13 - Climate Action

User created Keywords

  • innovation
  • patents
  • energy efficiency
  • competition
  • sustainability
  • EU ETS


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