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Maurice Crul is a Professor at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and the Erasmus University iotterdam. He is the international chair of IMISCOE, a network of excellence that includes 38 research institutes in the fields of migration and diversity in 18 European countries: www.imiscoe.org

In the last twenty years Maurice Crul mostly worked on the topic of education and children of immigrants, first within the Dutch context and in the last ten years in a comparative European and transatlantic context. Maurice Crul coordinated the international TIES project (The Integration of the European Second generation) which involved partners in eight European countries and a survey with 10.000 respondents.

Next to coordinating the TIES project he was also one of the principal investigators of the transatlantic project ‘Children of Immigrants in School’: mumford.albany.edu/schools/.

With support of the Russell Sage Foundation in New York, Maurice Crul together with his American colleague John Mollenkopf published The Changing Face of World Cities. The second generation in Europe and the US, comparing second generation youth in Europe and US based on three surveys (TIES, IMMLA and ISGMNY).

The TIES project findings revealed that a sizeable group of second generation youth is either following a higher education study or already has a diploma of higher education. This finding was the starting point of the new international project called: ‘ELITES: Pathways to Success’. In this project a sub sample of successful second generation from the TIES survey is interviewed about their pathways to success.

In 2017 Maurice Crul was awarded the ERC advanced grant for the project Becoming a Minority (BAM) on the integration of people of native descent in majority minority cities in Europe.

Selection of Most Recent Books and Articles:

M. Crul, E. Keskiner, J. Schneider and F. Lelie (2017), The Multiplier effect. How the accumulation of cultural and social capital explains steep upward mobility of children of low educated immigrants. Ethnic and Racial Studies.

Crul, M.R.J. (2017) Refugee children in education in Europe.: How to prevent a lost generation? SIRIUS Network Policy Brief Series. No. 7. 11 p. www.sirius-migrationeducation.org/Refugee-children-in-education-in-Europe.pdf

Crul, M.R.J. (2016). Super-diversity vs. assimilation: how complex diversity in majority–minority cities challenges the assumptions of assimilation. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 42(1), 54–68. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/

Crul, M. (2015). Is education the pathway to success? A comparison of second generation Turkish professionals in Sweden, France, Germany and The Netherlands. European Journal of Education, 50 (3), 325-339

Crul, M., J. Schneider and F. Lelie (2013), Super-diversity. A New Vision on Integration. Amsterdam: Free University Press. /www.elitesproject.eu/publications

Crul, M. (2013) Snakes and Ladders in Educational Systems. Access to Higher Education for second Generation Turks in Europe. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 39, 9, 1383-1401.

Crul, M. and J. Mollenkopf (2012), The Changing Face of World Cities. Young Adult Children of Immigrants in Europe and The United States. New York: Russell Sage Publications.

Crul, M. J. Schneider and F. Lelie (2012), The European Second Generation. Does the Integration Context matter? Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press. the-european-second-generation-compared

Crul, M. and J. Schneider (2010) Comparative Context Integration Theory. Participation and belong in Europe’s large cities. Journal Ethnic and Racial Studies, 34, 4, pp. 1249-1268.

Ancillary activities

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Research Output 2002 2019

Coming to Terms with Superdiversity: The case of Rotterdam

Crul, M. R. J., Scholten, P. & van Laar, P., 2019, Springer Open. 241 p. (IMISCOE Research Series)

Research output: Book / ReportBook editingAcademic

Open Access
urban sociology
local politics
migration policy

Conclusion: Coming to Terms with Superdiversity?

Crul, M. R. J. & Scholten, P., 2019, Coming to Terms with Superdiversity: The Case of Rotterdam. Crul, M., Scholten, P. & van Laar, P. (eds.). 1 ed. Springer Open, p. 225-235 10 p. (Imiscoe Research Series).

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

Open Access

How the different policies and school systems affect the inclusion of Syrian refugee children in Sweden, Germany, Greece, Lebanon and Turkey.

Crul, M. R. J., Lelie, F., Keskiner, E., Bunar, N., Shuayb, M., Biner, Ö., Kokkali, I. & Schneider, J., 2019, In : Comparative Migration Studies.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Introduction to Coming to Terms with Superdiversity

Crul, M. R. J., Scholten, P. & van Laar, P., 2019, Coming to Terms with Superdiverstiy: The Case of Rotterdam. 1 ed. Springer Open, p. 1-19 18 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

Open Access

Lost in Transit: Education for Refugee Children in Sweden, Germany, and Turkey

Crul, M. R. J., 1 Jan 2019, Humanitarianism and mass migration : confronting the world crisis. Suarez-Orozco, M. (ed.). Oakland, CA: University of California Press

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


Activities 2012 2018

  • 22 Lecture / Presentation
  • 2 Membership
  • 1 Expert meeting

Lokale integratie in Nederland

Maurice Crul (Speaker)
8 Jun 2018

Activity: Lecture / PresentationAcademic

keynote given by Maurice Crul at the European Mentoring Summit in Berlin

Maurice Crul (Speaker)
Mar 2018

Activity: Lecture / PresentationAcademic

DG Education and Culture EU Summit

M.R.J. Crul (Participant)
9 Mar 2016

Activity: Participating in or organising an eventExpert meetingSocietal

Integration, assimilation, super-diversity

M.R.J. Crul (Speaker)
1 Nov 2016

Activity: Lecture / PresentationPopular

Superdiversity vs Assimilation

M.R.J. Crul (Speaker)
9 Aug 2016

Activity: Lecture / PresentationProfessional


Advanced European Research Council Grant

M.R.J. Crul (Recipient), 2017


First International

Hugo de Groot Grant

M.R.J. Crul (Recipient), 2000



Press / Media

Zie studenten als individu, niet als minderheid

M.R.J. Crul


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Expert Comment

In de grote en diverse stad is Marloes de nieuwkomer. Kritiek op WRR-rapport

M.R.J. Crul


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Public Engagement Activities

Mogen we uit het hokje

M.R.J. Crul


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Expert Comment

Einwanderer in Großstädten : „Es gibt keine Integration mehr“

M.R.J. Crul


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Expert Comment

NRC checkt: ‘Moslima’s zijn de beste studenten’

M.R.J. Crul


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Expert Comment