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Maurice Crul is a Professor at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and the Erasmus University iotterdam. He is the international chair of IMISCOE, a network of excellence that includes 38 research institutes in the fields of migration and diversity in 18 European countries: www.imiscoe.org

In the last twenty years Maurice Crul mostly worked on the topic of education and children of immigrants, first within the Dutch context and in the last ten years in a comparative European and transatlantic context. Maurice Crul coordinated the international TIES project (The Integration of the European Second generation) which involved partners in eight European countries and a survey with 10.000 respondents.

Next to coordinating the TIES project he was also one of the principal investigators of the transatlantic project ‘Children of Immigrants in School’: mumford.albany.edu/schools/.

With support of the Russell Sage Foundation in New York, Maurice Crul together with his American colleague John Mollenkopf published The Changing Face of World Cities. The second generation in Europe and the US, comparing second generation youth in Europe and US based on three surveys (TIES, IMMLA and ISGMNY).

The TIES project findings revealed that a sizeable group of second generation youth is either following a higher education study or already has a diploma of higher education. This finding was the starting point of the new international project called: ‘ELITES: Pathways to Success’. In this project a sub sample of successful second generation from the TIES survey is interviewed about their pathways to success.

In 2017 Maurice Crul was awarded the ERC advanced grant for the project Becoming a Minority (BAM) on the integration of people of native descent in majority minority cities in Europe.

Selection of Most Recent Books and Articles:

M. Crul, E. Keskiner, J. Schneider and F. Lelie (2017), The Multiplier effect. How the accumulation of cultural and social capital explains steep upward mobility of children of low educated immigrants. Ethnic and Racial Studies.

Crul, M.R.J. (2017) Refugee children in education in Europe.: How to prevent a lost generation? SIRIUS Network Policy Brief Series. No. 7. 11 p. www.sirius-migrationeducation.org/Refugee-children-in-education-in-Europe.pdf

Crul, M.R.J. (2016). Super-diversity vs. assimilation: how complex diversity in majority–minority cities challenges the assumptions of assimilation. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 42(1), 54–68. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/

Crul, M. (2015). Is education the pathway to success? A comparison of second generation Turkish professionals in Sweden, France, Germany and The Netherlands. European Journal of Education, 50 (3), 325-339

Crul, M., J. Schneider and F. Lelie (2013), Super-diversity. A New Vision on Integration. Amsterdam: Free University Press. /www.elitesproject.eu/publications

Crul, M. (2013) Snakes and Ladders in Educational Systems. Access to Higher Education for second Generation Turks in Europe. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 39, 9, 1383-1401.

Crul, M. and J. Mollenkopf (2012), The Changing Face of World Cities. Young Adult Children of Immigrants in Europe and The United States. New York: Russell Sage Publications.

Crul, M. J. Schneider and F. Lelie (2012), The European Second Generation. Does the Integration Context matter? Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press. the-european-second-generation-compared

Crul, M. and J. Schneider (2010) Comparative Context Integration Theory. Participation and belong in Europe’s large cities. Journal Ethnic and Racial Studies, 34, 4, pp. 1249-1268.

Ancillary activities

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Ancillary activities are updated daily

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immigrant Social Sciences
Netherlands Social Sciences
school Social Sciences
migrant Social Sciences
education Social Sciences
Group Social Sciences
educational system Social Sciences
labor market Social Sciences

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Research Output 2002 2018

Conclusion: Lessons learned from the RESL.eu project: Main findings and policy advice

Keskiner, E. & Crul, M., 15 Mar 2018, Comparative Perspectives on Early School Leaving in the European Union . New York, NY: Routlegde, p. 230-245 16 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

secondary education

Culture, identity, belonging, and school success

Crul, M., Jun 2018, In : New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development. 160, p. 109-114 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
Research Personnel

How key transitions influence school and labour market careers of descendants of Moroccan and Turkish migrants in the Netherlands

Crul, M., Dec 2018, In : European Journal of Education. 53, 4, p. 481-494 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
school system
school career
labor market

Switching practices in vocational education: A comparative case study in Flanders (Belgium) and the Netherlands

Van Praag, L., Keskiner, E., Stam, T., Crul, M. R. J., Clycq, N., Timmerman, C., Orozco, M., Van Caudenberg, R. & Nouwen, W., 15 Mar 2018, Comparative Perspectives on Early School Leaving in the European Union. Routlegde, p. 135-148 14 p. 1

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

Vocational Education
field of study
educational system
Open Access
Professional Education

Activities 2012 2016

  • 20 Lecture / Presentation
  • 2 Membership
  • 1 Expert meeting

Integration, assimilation, super-diversity

Crul, M. R. J. (Speaker)
1 Nov 2016

Activity: Lecture / PresentationPopular

DG Education and Culture EU Summit

Crul, M. R. J. (Participant)
9 Mar 2016

Activity: Participating in or organising an eventExpert meetingSocietal

Superdiversity vs Assimilation

Crul, M. R. J. (Speaker)
9 Aug 2016

Activity: Lecture / PresentationProfessional


Advanced European Research Council Grant

M.R.J. Crul (Recipient), 2017

Prize: Prize / AwardAcademic


Cosolidated European Research Council Grant (ERC)

M.R.J. Crul (Recipient), 2011

Prize: Prize / AwardAcademic

First International

Hugo de Groot Grant

M.R.J. Crul (Recipient), 2000

Prize: Prize / AwardAcademic


Russell Sage in Residence Fellowship Research Award

M.R.J. Crul (Recipient), 2009

Prize: Prize / AwardAcademic

Press / Media

In de grote en diverse stad is Marloes de nieuwkomer. Kritiek op WRR-rapport

M.R.J. Crul


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Public Engagement Activities

Einwanderer in Großstädten : „Es gibt keine Integration mehr“

M.R.J. Crul


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Expert Comment

NRC checkt: ‘Moslima’s zijn de beste studenten’

M.R.J. Crul


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Expert Comment

Veel ongelijkheid in het onderwijs: 'Het is echt vijf voor twaalf'

M.R.J. Crul


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Expert Comment