Personal profile

Personal information

Marjan Hofkes is full Professor of Environmental Economics at Vrije Universiteit (VU) Amsterdam, School of Business and Economics (SBE) and Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM). Additionally, she serves as Head of Studies Economics of the new Bachelor programme Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE) at VU Amsterdam. In that capacity she is also member of the management team of the John Stuart Mill College (JSM) in which the PPE programme is embedded.

Marjan Hofkes obtained her doctoral degree in Econometrics in 1987 (cum laude) and she received her PhD in Mathematical Economics in 1991, from VU Amsterdam.

She is former head of the department of Environmental Economics of IVM, former acting director and chair of the management board of the same institute as well as former deputy director of IVM. Previously, she was a policy advisor to the Minister of Finance. Among other advisory roles, she was member of the committee on Sustainable Development of the Social and Economic Council of the Netherlands (SER).



Marjan Hofkes has extensive research and research management experience across a number of fields, including economic modelling, economic growth, labour market economics and income policy, ranging from pure academic to policy supporting research. Her more recent research focuses on the economics of sustainable development, environment-economy trade-offs and economic effects of floods. She was one of the founders of TPEdigitaal, a Dutch electronic journal of Political Economy


Research interest

Economic Modelling, Environmental Economics, Environment-Economy Trade-off, Green Accounting, Economics of Sustainable Development, Economic Effects of Floods.


Supervision of PhD students

Graduated: Trond G. Husby (defended 22 February 2016), In Chang Hwang (defended 10 December 2014), Samuel J. Okullo (defended 24 June 2013), Thijs Dekker (defended 18 September 2012), Rob Dellink (defended 27 November 2003; co-supervisor), Peter Mulder (defended 6 November 2003; co-supervisor).

Current: Derk van Ree, Andreas Coester, Theodorus Chatzivasileiadis, Brian Colgan. 


Courses taught at Bachelor level: Academic Skills, Economic Challenges, Ethics, Inclusive Growth and Sustainability, Price Theory, Research Seminar Spatial Economics.

Courses taught at Master level: Environmental Policy and Technological Change, Sustainability and Growth.

Prizes and Awards

2001: Hennipman Award 2001 for the best bi-annual article in ‘De Economist’. 


Several grants, obtained from Dutch (BSIK, Kennis voor Klimaat, KNAW, several Ministries, NWO, RMNO, WRR) as well as international (European Commission, International Human Dimensions Programme on global environmental change (IHDP)) research programmes.  

Ancillary activities

No ancillary activities

Last update Ancillary Activities: Amsterdam (2018-01-23)

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Research Output 1990 2018

Open Access

Biofuel mandating and the green paradox

Okullo, S. J., Reynes, F. G. D. & Hofkes, M. W. 2016 Tilburg: Tilburg University, (CentER Discussion Paper; no. 2016-024)

Research output: ProfessionalWorking paper

Decision uncertainty in multi-attribute stated preference studies

Dekker, T., Hess, S., Brouwer, R. & Hofkes, M. 2016 In : Resource and Energy Economics. 43, p. 57-73

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewArticle