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Personal profile

Personal information

Paul Koster (1983) works as an assistant professor at the Department of Spatial Economics, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. He graduated at this department in Economics in 2007 and obtained his PhD in 2012 on a thesis entitled “The cost of travel time variability for air and car travellers”. He is also affiliated as a research fellow at the Tinbergen Institute. 


His research focuses on experimental valuation and the regulation of externalities. He is an expert in the design and development of novel experiments to support public policy decisions that allow for the inclusion of broader values of citizens. He works on explaining and understanding choice behavior using advanced discrete choice econometrics and connects behavioural models to economic evaluation of public policies.


He teaches in the courses Environmental and Transport Economics (2nd year BA Economics and Business Administration), Regional and Urban Economics (2nd year BA Economics and Business Administration), Methods and Techniques for Economic Research (3d year BA Earth & Economics), Research Seminar II (Master Transport & Supply Chain Management), Applications in Economic Policy (University minor in Economics 3d year Economics BA) and supervises theses on the bachelor and master level. He developed the new course experimental valuation for BA3 of the bachelor Philosophy, Politics and Economics (Faculty of Humanities).

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Research Output 2008 2018

  • 18 Article
  • 14 Working paper
  • 1 Conference contribution
  • 1 PhD Thesis - Research VU, graduation VU

A practical method to estimate the benefits of improved road network reliability: an application to departing air passengers

Kroes, E., Koster, P. & Peer, S., Sep 2018, In : Transportation. 45, 5, p. 1433-1448 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
Travel time
road network
travel time

Preference heterogeneity and congestion pricing: The two route case revisited

Koster, P., Verhoef, E., Shepherd, S. & Watling, D., Nov 2018, In : Transportation Research Part B: Methodological. 117, Part A, p. 137-157 21 p.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Travel time

Not fully charged: Welfare effects of tax incentives for employer-provided electric cars

Dimitropoulos, A., van Ommeren, J. N., Koster, P. R. & Rietveld, P., 2016, In : Journal of Environmental Economics and Management. 78, July, p. 1-19

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

tax incentive
traffic emission
Welfare effects

The User Costs of Air Travel Delay Variability

Koster, P. R., Pels, E. & Verhoef, E. T., 2016, In : Transportation Science. 50, 1, p. 120-131

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Commuters’ preferences for fast and reliable travel: A semi-parametric estimation approach

Koster, P. R. & Koster, H. R. A., 2015, In : Transportation Research. Part B: Methodological. 81, 1, p. 289-301

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Travel time

Activities 2008 2009

  • 4 Lecture / Presentation

Incidents in the bottleneck model

S. Peer (Speaker), P.R. Koster (Speaker), E.T. Verhoef (Speaker)
29 Jun 2009

Activity: Lecture / PresentationAcademic

The costs of travel time uncertainty

P.R. Koster (Speaker)
5 Oct 2009

Activity: Lecture / PresentationAcademic

Valuing the costs of travel time variability

P.R. Koster (Speaker), P. Rietveld (Speaker)
1 Aug 2008

Activity: Lecture / PresentationAcademic

Stated preference designs for scheduling models

P.R. Koster (Speaker), Y. Tseng (Speaker)
1 Aug 2008

Activity: Lecture / PresentationAcademic


Grant for Evaluation Opening Noord-Zuidlijn

E.T. Verhoef (Recipient), P.R. Koster (Recipient), E. Koomen (Recipient), J. Rouwendal (Recipient) & J.S.A. Knockaert (Recipient), 2017


real estate
labor market