Personal profile

Personal information

Reinout Heijungs is associate professor at the Department of Econometrics and Operations Research of Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

After his graduation in 1987 in theoretical physics from Groningen University, he went to Leiden University, first as an assistant professor in physiological physics at the Medical Faculty, and next to the Institute of Environmental Sciences, as a researcher and assistant professor in environmental science.

In 1997 he received his PhD (cum laude) for his thesis entitled Economic Drama and the Environmental Stage. After taking PhD, he spent a four-years research period at the Department of Spatial Economics of Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, but returned fully to Leiden University in 2002.

Since 2013, he is again with Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, as an associate professor in quantitative methods. A principle task is organizing and teaching classes in mathematics and statistics for several BSc programmes. His research is done within the Mathematical and Computational Economics (MACE) group.

So far, he has successfully supervised 7 PhD students, and authored/co-authored more than 100 peer-reviewed articles as well as 4 books. He is or has been member of several editorial boards, review committees, organizing committees and PhD committees.

He still has a small task at Leiden University, advising PhD students and others.


My research task is still taking shape, but the emphasis is on foundational issues.

Characteristic keywords, now or in the past, are (in alphabetical order):

  • computational methods
  • data analysis
  • environmental footprints
  • human and environmental risk assessment
  • input-output analysis
  • life cycle assessment
  • linear algebra
  • mathematics
  • meta-analysis
  • non-linear dynamics
  • physical economics
  • scientific software development
  • statistics
  • substance flow analysis
  • thermodynamics


My main responsibility is the education of quantitative methods (maths & stats) in the bachelor programs of Economics and Business Economics (Economie en Bedrijfseconomie), Business Administration (Bedrijfskunde), and International Business Administration, as well as in the bachelor program Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE; John Stuart Mill College). I am also involved in the minor Operations Analytics.

In the academic year 2016-2017 I am involved in teaching/coordinating/examining the following courses:

  • Business mathematics (BSc International business administration)
  • Business mathematics (BSc Bedrijfskunde)
  • Quantitative research methods I (BSc Economie en bedrijfseconomie)
  • Methods of PPE II: Statistics (BSc Philosophy, Politics and Economics; John Stuart Mill College)
  • Business statistics (BSc International business administration)
  • Business statistics (BSc Bedrijfskunde)
  • Quantitative research methods II (BSc Economie en bedrijfseconomie)
  • Data Analytics (Minor Operations Analytics)
  • Statistics (Premaster)

Finally, I am responsible for the matching activities for prospective students.

Ancillary activities

No ancillary activities

Last mutation Ancillary Activities: Amsterdam(2015-05-28)

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Research Output 1990 2017

A generalized computational structure for regional life-cycle assessment

Yang, Y. & Heijungs, R. 2017 In : International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment. 22, 2, p. 213-221

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewArticle

Assessing greenhouse gas emissions of milk production: which parameters are essential?

Wolf, P., Groen, E. A., Berg, W., Prochnow, A., Bokkers, E. A. M., Heijungs, R. & de Boer, I. J. M. Mar 2017 In : International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment. 22, 3, p. 441-455

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewArticle

Comment on "Resource Footprints are Good Proxies of Environmental Damage"

Heijungs, R. 7 Nov 2017 In : Environmental Science and Technology. 51, 21, p. 13054-13055

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewArticle

Electricity generation and GHG emission reduction potentials through different municipal solid waste management technologies: A comparative review

Rajaeifar, M. A., Ghanavati, H., Dashti, B. B., Heijungs, R., Aghbashlo, M. & Tabatabaei, M. 1 Nov 2017 In : Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 79, p. 414-439 26 p.

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewReview article

Hybrid life cycle assessment (LCA) does not necessarily yield more accurate results than process-based LCA

Yang, Y., Heijungs, R. & Brandão, M. 1 May 2017 In : Journal of Cleaner Production. 150, p. 237-242 6 p.

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewArticle