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Personal information

Richard S.J. Tol is a Professor at the Department of Economics, University of Sussex, Professor of the Economics of Climate Change, Institute for Environmental Studies and Department of Spatial Economics, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, and a Research Fellow of the Tinbergen Institute and CESifo. Formerly, he was a Research Professor at the Economic and Social Research Institute, Dublin, the Michael Otto Professor of Sustainability and Global Change at Hamburg University and an Adjunct Professor, Department of Engineering and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. He has had visiting appointments at the Canadian Centre for Climate Research, University of Victoria, British Colombia, at the Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment, University College London, and at the Princeton Environmental Institute and the Department of Economics, Princeton University. He received an M.Sc. in econometrics (1992) and a Ph.D. in economics (1997) from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. He is ranked among the top 150 economists in the world and among the top 50 most-cited climate scholars. He has well over 200 publications in learned journals (with 100+ co-authors), 3 books and many minor publications.


He specialises in the economics of energy, environment, and climate, and is interested in integrated assessment modelling. He is an editor for Energy Economics, and an associate editor of economics the e-journal. He is an editor of forthcoming North Holland Handbook of Climate Economics. He is the author of the only textbook on the economics of climate change. He is advisor and referee of national and international policy and research. He is an author (contributing, lead, principal and convening) of Working Groups I, II and III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, shared winner of the Nobel Peace Prize for 2007; an author and editor of the UNEP Handbook on Methods for Climate Change Impact Assessment and Adaptation Strategies; a GTAP Research Fellow; and a member of the Academia Europaea. He is actively involved in the European Climate Forum, the European Forum on Integrated Environmental Assessment, and the Energy Modeling Forum.

Ancillary activities

  • University of Sussex Department of Economics | Brighton | Professor | 2011-01-01 - present

Ancillary activities are updated daily

Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 13 - Climate Action

Academic qualification

Economics, PhD, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

1 Sept 19929 Jan 1997

Award Date: 7 Jan 1997

Econometrics, Master, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

1 Sept 198831 Aug 1992

Award Date: 31 Aug 1992


  • HB Economic Theory
  • Climate change
  • Climate Change Adaptation
  • Environmental economics
  • energy economics
  • GE Environmental Sciences
  • Climate change
  • climate policy
  • Z Bibliography. Library Science. Information Resources
  • scientometrics


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