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Personal information

Toon Haer has been employed as a PhD student at the Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM) since December 2013. In the coming years he will be working on the ENHANCE project under supervision of Prof. Jeroen Aerts. The ENHANCE project aims to enhance risk management partnerships for catastrophic natural disasters in Europe and to provide guidelines and policy recommendations for the horizontal integration of risk management and climate-proofing in policies.

In 2012, Toon did an internship at the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, University of Maryland, USA, under supervision of Prof. Eugenia Kalnay. His thesis on relative sea-level rise led to a publication and sparked his interest in flood risk research. During his PhD, Toon will be working with Agent-Based Models to evaluate future flood adaptation strategies on different scales throughout Europe. Since the hazard is influenced by human action and vice versa, Toon will investigate the dynamic coupling of the human and natural system.


Agent-Based Modelling, Flood Risk Assessment, Climate Change, Adaptation.


2012: MSc Energy and Environmental Sciences, IVEM, University of Groningen (cum laude).

2010: BSc Technologymanagement, University of Groningen.


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Research Output 2013 2019

  • 8 Article
  • 1 PhD Thesis - Research VU, graduation VU
  • 1 Working paper
Open Access
Psychological Adaptation
Systems Analysis
Risk assessment
cost-benefit analysis
natural disaster
economic efficiency

Coastal and river flood risk analyses for guiding economically optimal flood adaptation policies: A country-scale study for Mexico

Haer, T., Botzen, W. J. W., Van Roomen, V., Connor, H., Zavala-Hidalgo, J., Eilander, D. M. & Ward, P. J., 13 Jun 2018, In : Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. 376, 2121, 20170329.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

risk assessment
Climate Change

Integrating adaptation behaviour in flood risk analysis: An agent-based modelling approach

Haer, T., 2018, 243 p.

Research output: PhD ThesisPhD Thesis - Research VU, graduation VUAcademic

Open Access

Integrating Dynamic Adaptive Behaviour in Flood Risk Assessments

Haer, T., Botzen, W. J. W. & Aerts, J. C. J. H., 12 Dec 2018, 11 ed., p. 1-59, 59 p. (Wharton Risk Center).

Research output: Working paperAcademic

risk assessment
European Union