3D and 4D Simulations for Landscape Reconstruction and Damage Scenarios: GIS Pilot Applications

Cristiano Pesaresi, Joop van der Schee, David Pavia

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The project 3D and 4D Simulations for Landscape Reconstruction and Damage Scenarios: GIS Pilot
Applications has been devised with the intention to deal with the demand for research, innovation and
applicative methodology on the part of the international programme, requiring concrete results to
increase the capacity to know, anticipate and respond to a natural disaster. This project therefore sets
out to develop an experimental methodology, a wide geodatabase, a connected performant GIS
platform and multifunctional scenarios able to profitably relate the added values deriving from
different geotechnologies, aimed at a series of crucial steps regarding landscape reconstruction, event
simulation, damage evaluation, emergency management, multi-temporal analysis. The Vesuvius area
has been chosen for the pilot application owing to such an impressive number of people and buildings subject to volcanic risk that one could speak in terms of a possible national disaster. The steps of the
project move around the following core elements: creation of models that reproduce the territorial and
anthropic structure of the past periods, and reconstruction of the urbanized area, with temporal
distinctions; three-dimensional representation of the Vesuvius area in terms of infrastructuralresidential
aspects; GIS simulation of the expected event; first examination of the healthcareepidemiological
consequences; educational proposals. This paper represents a proactive contribution
which describes the aims of the project, the steps which constitute a set of specific procedures for the
methodology which we are experimenting, and some thoughts regarding the geodatabase useful to
“package” illustrative elaborations. Since the involvement of the population and adequate hazard
preparedness are very important aspects, some educational and communicational considerations are
presented in connection with the use of geotechnologies to promote the knowledge of risk
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-153
Number of pages23
JournalReview of International Geographical Education Online
Volume7
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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