4-Hydroxy-2,3-trans-nonenal stimulates microsomal lipid peroxidation by reducing the glutathione-dependent protection

G R Haenen, J N Tai Tin Tsoi, N P Vermeulen, H Timmerman, A Bast

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Glutathione (GSH) protects liver microsomes against lipid peroxidation. This is probably due to the reduction of vitamin E radicals by GSH, a reaction catalyzed by a membrane-bound protein. Pretreatment of liver microsomes with 0.1 or 1mM 4-hydroxy-2,3-trans-nonenal (HNE), a major product of lipid peroxidation, reduces the GSH-dependent protection. GSH and vitamin E concentrations are not affected by this pretreatment. Pretreatment with 0.1 mM N-ethyl maleimide (NEM), a synthetic sulfhydryl reagent, resulted in a reduction similar to that with HNE of the GSH-dependent protection against lipid peroxidation. The reduction of the GSH-dependent protection by HNE and NEM is probably the result of inactivation of the membrane-bound protein by covalent binding to an essential SH group on the protein. If the GSH-dependent protection would proceed via the microsomal GSH transferase, pretreatment with NEM, which activates the microsomal GSH transferase, should enhance the GSH-dependent protection. Actually a decrease in the GSH-dependent protection is found. Apparently the GSH-dependent protection does not proceed via the microsomal GSH transferase. Also the microsomal phospholipase A2 is not involved, since addition of 0.1 mM mepacrine, an inhibitor of phospholipase A2, did not preclude the GSH-dependent protection. Once the process of lipid peroxidation, either in vivo or in vitro, has started, the protection of liver microsomes by GSH is less effective. This might be the result of formed HNE. In this way an endproduct of lipid peroxidation stimulates the process that generates this product.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-56
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1987


  • Aldehydes
  • Animals
  • Ethylmaleimide
  • Ferric Compounds
  • Ferrous Compounds
  • Glutathione
  • Lipid Peroxides
  • Male
  • Microsomes, Liver
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Journal Article


Dive into the research topics of '4-Hydroxy-2,3-trans-nonenal stimulates microsomal lipid peroxidation by reducing the glutathione-dependent protection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this