Glacial sedimentary facies are recognised in the Palaeoproterozoic (Orosirian) Bergslagen Group in central Sweden, described previously as post-orogenic conglomerates in the Grythyttan Field. The evidence is provided by the presence of macro boulders in a megaclastic to conglomerate rock formation or diamictite around lake Brunnsjön, south of Grythyttan. Pebble to cobble size conglomerates discordantly overlie a megaclastic rock formation, with facetted clasts resembling flatirons. The sedimentary facies assemblage resembles an ice-front resedimented sequence, previously interpreted as an alluvial fan by the writers. A glacial interpretation is supported by evidence of permafrost and related periglacial structures in coeval, 1895 ± 5 Ma (U–Pb zircon age), metavolcaniclastic rocks in the Bergslagen Group. The association of glacial sedimentary facies, permafrost and banded ironstones in the low-latitudinal Bergslagen Group suggests its similarity to better known ‘Snowball Earth’ deposits from Palaeoproterozoic and particularly Neoproterozoic times.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift|
|Early online date||9 Feb 2021|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|