A 6-item scale for overall, emotional, and social loneliness: Confirmatory tests on survey data

J. de Jong-Gierveld, T.G. van Tilburg

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Loneliness is an indicator of social well-being and pertains to the feeling of missing an intimate relationship (emotional loneliness) or missing a wider social network (social loneliness). The 11-item De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale has proved to be a valid and reliable measurement instrument for overall, emotional, and social loneliness, although its length has sometimes rendered it difficult to use in large surveys. In this study, the authors empirically tested a shortened version of the scale on data from two surveys (N = 9,448). Confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the specification of two latent factors. Congruent validity and the relationship with determinants (partner status, health) proved to be optimal. The 6-item De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale is a reliable and valid measurement instrument for overall, emotional, and social loneliness that is suitable for large surveys. © 2006 Sage Publications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)582-598
JournalResearch on Aging
Volume28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Fingerprint

Loneliness
measurement method
health status
social network
well-being
determinants
Surveys and Questionnaires
Social Support
Health Status
Statistical Factor Analysis
Emotions

Cite this

@article{24eb8dfe87dc41df823eeffa0654c7af,
title = "A 6-item scale for overall, emotional, and social loneliness: Confirmatory tests on survey data",
abstract = "Loneliness is an indicator of social well-being and pertains to the feeling of missing an intimate relationship (emotional loneliness) or missing a wider social network (social loneliness). The 11-item De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale has proved to be a valid and reliable measurement instrument for overall, emotional, and social loneliness, although its length has sometimes rendered it difficult to use in large surveys. In this study, the authors empirically tested a shortened version of the scale on data from two surveys (N = 9,448). Confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the specification of two latent factors. Congruent validity and the relationship with determinants (partner status, health) proved to be optimal. The 6-item De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale is a reliable and valid measurement instrument for overall, emotional, and social loneliness that is suitable for large surveys. {\circledC} 2006 Sage Publications.",
author = "{de Jong-Gierveld}, J. and {van Tilburg}, T.G.",
year = "2006",
doi = "10.1177/0164027506289723",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "582--598",
journal = "Research on Aging",
issn = "0164-0275",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",

}

A 6-item scale for overall, emotional, and social loneliness: Confirmatory tests on survey data. / de Jong-Gierveld, J.; van Tilburg, T.G.

In: Research on Aging, Vol. 28, 2006, p. 582-598.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A 6-item scale for overall, emotional, and social loneliness: Confirmatory tests on survey data

AU - de Jong-Gierveld, J.

AU - van Tilburg, T.G.

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - Loneliness is an indicator of social well-being and pertains to the feeling of missing an intimate relationship (emotional loneliness) or missing a wider social network (social loneliness). The 11-item De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale has proved to be a valid and reliable measurement instrument for overall, emotional, and social loneliness, although its length has sometimes rendered it difficult to use in large surveys. In this study, the authors empirically tested a shortened version of the scale on data from two surveys (N = 9,448). Confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the specification of two latent factors. Congruent validity and the relationship with determinants (partner status, health) proved to be optimal. The 6-item De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale is a reliable and valid measurement instrument for overall, emotional, and social loneliness that is suitable for large surveys. © 2006 Sage Publications.

AB - Loneliness is an indicator of social well-being and pertains to the feeling of missing an intimate relationship (emotional loneliness) or missing a wider social network (social loneliness). The 11-item De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale has proved to be a valid and reliable measurement instrument for overall, emotional, and social loneliness, although its length has sometimes rendered it difficult to use in large surveys. In this study, the authors empirically tested a shortened version of the scale on data from two surveys (N = 9,448). Confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the specification of two latent factors. Congruent validity and the relationship with determinants (partner status, health) proved to be optimal. The 6-item De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale is a reliable and valid measurement instrument for overall, emotional, and social loneliness that is suitable for large surveys. © 2006 Sage Publications.

U2 - 10.1177/0164027506289723

DO - 10.1177/0164027506289723

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - 582

EP - 598

JO - Research on Aging

JF - Research on Aging

SN - 0164-0275

ER -