A Call on Art Investments

R.G.W. Kraeussl, C. Wiehenkamp

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The art market has seen several booms and busts during the last 20 years and, despite its recent downturn, has received more attention from investors given the low interest environment following the financial crisis. However, participation has been reserved for a few investors and the hedging of exposures remains difficult. This paper proposes to overcome these problems by introducing a call option on an art index, derived from one of the most comprehensive data sets of art market transactions. The option allows investors to optimize their exposure to art. For pricing purposes, non-tradability of the art index is acknowledged and option prices are derived in an equilibrium setting as well as by replication arguments. In the former, option prices depend on the attractiveness of gaining exposure to a previously non-traded risk. This setting further overcomes the problem of art market exposures being difficult to hedge. Results in the replication case are primarily driven by the ability to reduce residual hedging risk. Even if this is not entirely possible, the replication approach serves as a pricing benchmark for investors who are significantly exposed to art and try to hedge their art exposure by selling a derivative. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-23
JournalReview of Derivatives Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012


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