Differences between early (within 30 days) and late (after 30 days) respondents in a survey study were analyzed in twins and siblings registered with the Netherlands Twin Register. We compared early and late respondents on personality traits, health, lifestyle, and demographic variables. The odds of being a late respondent were significantly higher for men (OR 1.14), alcohol use on a daily/weekly basis (OR 1.20), having a relationship (OR 1.40), higher score on experience seeking scale (OR 1.02), and criticizing the questionnaire as too long (OR 1.27). The odds of being a late respondent were significantly lower for nontwin subjects (OR 0.71), regular cycling (OR 0.83), and judging the questionnaire to be fun (OR 0.80). There were no significant interactions with sex. To examine to what extent early and late response is influenced by genetic factors, twin and sibling data of 5040 subjects were analyzed. The best model includes genetic factors (31%), shared environmental influences (36%), and unique environmental influences (43%) on variation in response time.