A concise history of Dutch river floods

R.S.J. Tol, A. Langen

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

251 Downloads (Pure)


Based on a brief account of 1,000 years of river floods and flood management in the Dutch Rhine delta, it is argued that vulnerability to river floods depends on the complex interaction of economics, institutions, politics and, to a limited extent, climate. Response functions and thresholds for climate change impacts should take this complexity into account rather than assuming society to be constant or evolving in a straightforward manner.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-369
JournalClimatic Change
Publication statusPublished - 2000


Dive into the research topics of 'A concise history of Dutch river floods'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this