A context dependent interpretation of inconsistencies in 2D: 4D findings: The moderating role of status relevance

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Whereas direct relationships between 2D:4D and dominance related attitudes or behavior often turn out to be weak, some literature suggests that the relation between 2D:4D and dominance is context-specific. That is, especially in status-challenging situations 2D:4D may be related to dominant behavior and its correlates. Based on this perspective, we interpret inconsistencies in the literature on the relation between 2D:4D and risk taking, aggression and dominance related outcomes and investigate in our empirical study how attitudes in low 2D:4D men may change as a function of the status relevance of the context. We provide evidence for the idea that status relevance of the particular situation at hand influences the attitude towards performance-enhancing means for low 2D:4D men, but not for high 2D:4D men. We argue that 2D:4D may be related to any behavior that is functional to attain status in a specific context. Implications for (economic) decision making are discussed.

LanguageEnglish
Article number254
Pages1-9
Number of pages9
JournalFrontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Risk-Taking
Aggression
Decision Making
Hand
Economics

Keywords

  • 2D:4D
  • Context
  • Digit ratio
  • Dominance
  • Economic decision making
  • Performance
  • Social status

Cite this

@article{d9567a0b1b924b13ae0f771cdc65f6e3,
title = "A context dependent interpretation of inconsistencies in 2D: 4D findings: The moderating role of status relevance",
abstract = "Whereas direct relationships between 2D:4D and dominance related attitudes or behavior often turn out to be weak, some literature suggests that the relation between 2D:4D and dominance is context-specific. That is, especially in status-challenging situations 2D:4D may be related to dominant behavior and its correlates. Based on this perspective, we interpret inconsistencies in the literature on the relation between 2D:4D and risk taking, aggression and dominance related outcomes and investigate in our empirical study how attitudes in low 2D:4D men may change as a function of the status relevance of the context. We provide evidence for the idea that status relevance of the particular situation at hand influences the attitude towards performance-enhancing means for low 2D:4D men, but not for high 2D:4D men. We argue that 2D:4D may be related to any behavior that is functional to attain status in a specific context. Implications for (economic) decision making are discussed.",
keywords = "2D:4D, Context, Digit ratio, Dominance, Economic decision making, Performance, Social status",
author = "Kobe Millet and Florian Buehler",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "17",
doi = "10.3389/fnbeh.2017.00254",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "1--9",
journal = "Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience",
issn = "1662-5153",
publisher = "Frontiers Media S.A.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A context dependent interpretation of inconsistencies in 2D

T2 - Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience

AU - Millet,Kobe

AU - Buehler,Florian

PY - 2018/1/17

Y1 - 2018/1/17

N2 - Whereas direct relationships between 2D:4D and dominance related attitudes or behavior often turn out to be weak, some literature suggests that the relation between 2D:4D and dominance is context-specific. That is, especially in status-challenging situations 2D:4D may be related to dominant behavior and its correlates. Based on this perspective, we interpret inconsistencies in the literature on the relation between 2D:4D and risk taking, aggression and dominance related outcomes and investigate in our empirical study how attitudes in low 2D:4D men may change as a function of the status relevance of the context. We provide evidence for the idea that status relevance of the particular situation at hand influences the attitude towards performance-enhancing means for low 2D:4D men, but not for high 2D:4D men. We argue that 2D:4D may be related to any behavior that is functional to attain status in a specific context. Implications for (economic) decision making are discussed.

AB - Whereas direct relationships between 2D:4D and dominance related attitudes or behavior often turn out to be weak, some literature suggests that the relation between 2D:4D and dominance is context-specific. That is, especially in status-challenging situations 2D:4D may be related to dominant behavior and its correlates. Based on this perspective, we interpret inconsistencies in the literature on the relation between 2D:4D and risk taking, aggression and dominance related outcomes and investigate in our empirical study how attitudes in low 2D:4D men may change as a function of the status relevance of the context. We provide evidence for the idea that status relevance of the particular situation at hand influences the attitude towards performance-enhancing means for low 2D:4D men, but not for high 2D:4D men. We argue that 2D:4D may be related to any behavior that is functional to attain status in a specific context. Implications for (economic) decision making are discussed.

KW - 2D:4D

KW - Context

KW - Digit ratio

KW - Dominance

KW - Economic decision making

KW - Performance

KW - Social status

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85041370095&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85041370095&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3389/fnbeh.2017.00254

DO - 10.3389/fnbeh.2017.00254

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 1

EP - 9

JO - Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience

JF - Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience

SN - 1662-5153

M1 - 254

ER -