A critical review and development of a conceptual model of exclusion from social relations for older people

The Working Group on Exclusion from Social Relations, part of the COST-financed Research Network ‘Reducing Old-Age Exclusion: Collaborations in Research and Policy’ (ROSENet)

Research output: Contribution to JournalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Social exclusion is complex and dynamic, and it leads to the non-realization of social, economic, political or cultural rights or participation within a society. This critical review takes stock of the literature on exclusion of social relations. Social relations are defined as comprising social resources, social connections and social networks. An evidence review group undertook a critical review which integrates, interprets and synthesizes information across studies to develop a conceptual model of exclusion from social relations. The resulting model is a subjective interpretation of the literature and is intended to be the starting point for further evaluations. The conceptual model identifies individual risks for exclusion from social relations (personal attributes, biological and neurological risk, retirement, socio-economic status, exclusion from material resources and migration). It incorporates the evaluation of social relations, and the influence of psychosocial resources and socio-emotional processes, sociocultural, social-structural, environmental and policy contextual influences on exclusion from social relations. It includes distal outcomes of exclusion from social relations, that is, individual well-being, health and functioning, social opportunities and social cohesion. The dynamic relationships between elements of the model are also reported. We conclude that the model provides a subjective interpretation of the data and an excellent starting point for further phases of conceptual development and systematic evaluation(s). Future research needs to consider the use of sophisticated analytical tools and an interdisciplinary approach in order to understand the underlying biological and ecopsychosocial associations that contribute to individual and dynamic differences in the experience of exclusion from social relations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalEuropean Journal of Ageing
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Feb 2019

Fingerprint

Social Relations
exclusion
Economics
Environmental Policy
Retirement
Individuality
Social Support
evaluation
Health
resources
social opportunity
interpretation
social cohesion
retirement
social economics
social network
well-being
migration
participation
health

Keywords

  • Disadvantage
  • Knowledge synthesis
  • Later life
  • Old-age exclusion
  • Social relations

Cite this

The Working Group on Exclusion from Social Relations, part of the COST-financed Research Network ‘Reducing Old-Age Exclusion: Collaborations in Research and Policy’ (ROSENet) (2019). A critical review and development of a conceptual model of exclusion from social relations for older people. European Journal of Ageing, 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10433-019-00506-0
The Working Group on Exclusion from Social Relations, part of the COST-financed Research Network ‘Reducing Old-Age Exclusion: Collaborations in Research and Policy’ (ROSENet). / A critical review and development of a conceptual model of exclusion from social relations for older people. In: European Journal of Ageing. 2019 ; pp. 1-17.
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author = "Vanessa Burholt and Bethan Winter and Marja Aartsen and Costas Constantinou and Lena Dahlberg and Villar Feliciano and {De Jong Gierveld}, Jenny and {Van Regenmortel}, Sofie and Charles Waldegrave and {The Working Group on Exclusion from Social Relations, part of the COST-financed Research Network ‘Reducing Old-Age Exclusion: Collaborations in Research and Policy’ (ROSENet)}",
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The Working Group on Exclusion from Social Relations, part of the COST-financed Research Network ‘Reducing Old-Age Exclusion: Collaborations in Research and Policy’ (ROSENet) 2019, 'A critical review and development of a conceptual model of exclusion from social relations for older people' European Journal of Ageing, pp. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10433-019-00506-0

A critical review and development of a conceptual model of exclusion from social relations for older people. / The Working Group on Exclusion from Social Relations, part of the COST-financed Research Network ‘Reducing Old-Age Exclusion: Collaborations in Research and Policy’ (ROSENet).

In: European Journal of Ageing, 20.02.2019, p. 1-17.

Research output: Contribution to JournalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Winter, Bethan

AU - Aartsen, Marja

AU - Constantinou, Costas

AU - Dahlberg, Lena

AU - Feliciano, Villar

AU - De Jong Gierveld, Jenny

AU - Van Regenmortel, Sofie

AU - Waldegrave, Charles

AU - The Working Group on Exclusion from Social Relations, part of the COST-financed Research Network ‘Reducing Old-Age Exclusion: Collaborations in Research and Policy’ (ROSENet)

PY - 2019/2/20

Y1 - 2019/2/20

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AB - Social exclusion is complex and dynamic, and it leads to the non-realization of social, economic, political or cultural rights or participation within a society. This critical review takes stock of the literature on exclusion of social relations. Social relations are defined as comprising social resources, social connections and social networks. An evidence review group undertook a critical review which integrates, interprets and synthesizes information across studies to develop a conceptual model of exclusion from social relations. The resulting model is a subjective interpretation of the literature and is intended to be the starting point for further evaluations. The conceptual model identifies individual risks for exclusion from social relations (personal attributes, biological and neurological risk, retirement, socio-economic status, exclusion from material resources and migration). It incorporates the evaluation of social relations, and the influence of psychosocial resources and socio-emotional processes, sociocultural, social-structural, environmental and policy contextual influences on exclusion from social relations. It includes distal outcomes of exclusion from social relations, that is, individual well-being, health and functioning, social opportunities and social cohesion. The dynamic relationships between elements of the model are also reported. We conclude that the model provides a subjective interpretation of the data and an excellent starting point for further phases of conceptual development and systematic evaluation(s). Future research needs to consider the use of sophisticated analytical tools and an interdisciplinary approach in order to understand the underlying biological and ecopsychosocial associations that contribute to individual and dynamic differences in the experience of exclusion from social relations.

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The Working Group on Exclusion from Social Relations, part of the COST-financed Research Network ‘Reducing Old-Age Exclusion: Collaborations in Research and Policy’ (ROSENet). A critical review and development of a conceptual model of exclusion from social relations for older people. European Journal of Ageing. 2019 Feb 20;1-17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10433-019-00506-0