A Dynamic Perspective of Emerging Coordination Clusters in Crisis Response Networks

N.A. Noori, J.J. Wolbers, F.K. Boersma, X.V. Cardona

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Disasters and crisis create complex conditions that require intra-organizational and inter-organizational coordination throughout the duration of response operations. Emergency response plans and Incident Command Systems that are implemented at times of crisis are well defined on the intra-organizational level, following organization’s own hierarchy and resources. However, in reality, units of different organizations behave differently as they form sub-networks to carry out tasks involved in response operations, despite differences in operating protocols and training background. In this paper we introduce a novel approach to study crisis response networks: the emergence of coordination clusters. The results indicate resilience in the behavior of response units from different organizations as they re-organize into coordination clusters and collectively respond to the unfolding emergency events. Understanding characteristics of coordination clusters helps to identify critical tasks and units beside resources required during emergency response operations. Our results contribute to the continuous change in the concepts of crisis response management and the shift towards a network and function based response protocols.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
EditorsA. Tapia, P. Antunes, V.A. Bañuls, K. Moore, J. Porto
Place of PublicationRio de Janeiro, Brazil
PublisherFederal University of Rio de Janeiro
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Noori, N. A., Wolbers, J. J., Boersma, F. K., & Cardona, X. V. (2016). A Dynamic Perspective of Emerging Coordination Clusters in Crisis Response Networks. In A. Tapia, P. Antunes, V. A. Bañuls, K. Moore, & J. Porto (Eds.), ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro.
Noori, N.A. ; Wolbers, J.J. ; Boersma, F.K. ; Cardona, X.V. / A Dynamic Perspective of Emerging Coordination Clusters in Crisis Response Networks. ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management. editor / A. Tapia ; P. Antunes ; V.A. Bañuls ; K. Moore ; J. Porto. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil : Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, 2016.
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title = "A Dynamic Perspective of Emerging Coordination Clusters in Crisis Response Networks",
abstract = "Disasters and crisis create complex conditions that require intra-organizational and inter-organizational coordination throughout the duration of response operations. Emergency response plans and Incident Command Systems that are implemented at times of crisis are well defined on the intra-organizational level, following organization’s own hierarchy and resources. However, in reality, units of different organizations behave differently as they form sub-networks to carry out tasks involved in response operations, despite differences in operating protocols and training background. In this paper we introduce a novel approach to study crisis response networks: the emergence of coordination clusters. The results indicate resilience in the behavior of response units from different organizations as they re-organize into coordination clusters and collectively respond to the unfolding emergency events. Understanding characteristics of coordination clusters helps to identify critical tasks and units beside resources required during emergency response operations. Our results contribute to the continuous change in the concepts of crisis response management and the shift towards a network and function based response protocols.",
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Noori, NA, Wolbers, JJ, Boersma, FK & Cardona, XV 2016, A Dynamic Perspective of Emerging Coordination Clusters in Crisis Response Networks. in A Tapia, P Antunes, VA Bañuls, K Moore & J Porto (eds), ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management. Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

A Dynamic Perspective of Emerging Coordination Clusters in Crisis Response Networks. / Noori, N.A.; Wolbers, J.J.; Boersma, F.K.; Cardona, X.V.

ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management. ed. / A. Tapia; P. Antunes; V.A. Bañuls; K. Moore; J. Porto. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil : Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, 2016.

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - A Dynamic Perspective of Emerging Coordination Clusters in Crisis Response Networks

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AU - Wolbers, J.J.

AU - Boersma, F.K.

AU - Cardona, X.V.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Disasters and crisis create complex conditions that require intra-organizational and inter-organizational coordination throughout the duration of response operations. Emergency response plans and Incident Command Systems that are implemented at times of crisis are well defined on the intra-organizational level, following organization’s own hierarchy and resources. However, in reality, units of different organizations behave differently as they form sub-networks to carry out tasks involved in response operations, despite differences in operating protocols and training background. In this paper we introduce a novel approach to study crisis response networks: the emergence of coordination clusters. The results indicate resilience in the behavior of response units from different organizations as they re-organize into coordination clusters and collectively respond to the unfolding emergency events. Understanding characteristics of coordination clusters helps to identify critical tasks and units beside resources required during emergency response operations. Our results contribute to the continuous change in the concepts of crisis response management and the shift towards a network and function based response protocols.

AB - Disasters and crisis create complex conditions that require intra-organizational and inter-organizational coordination throughout the duration of response operations. Emergency response plans and Incident Command Systems that are implemented at times of crisis are well defined on the intra-organizational level, following organization’s own hierarchy and resources. However, in reality, units of different organizations behave differently as they form sub-networks to carry out tasks involved in response operations, despite differences in operating protocols and training background. In this paper we introduce a novel approach to study crisis response networks: the emergence of coordination clusters. The results indicate resilience in the behavior of response units from different organizations as they re-organize into coordination clusters and collectively respond to the unfolding emergency events. Understanding characteristics of coordination clusters helps to identify critical tasks and units beside resources required during emergency response operations. Our results contribute to the continuous change in the concepts of crisis response management and the shift towards a network and function based response protocols.

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BT - ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management

A2 - Tapia, A.

A2 - Antunes, P.

A2 - Bañuls, V.A.

A2 - Moore, K.

A2 - Porto, J.

PB - Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

CY - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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Noori NA, Wolbers JJ, Boersma FK, Cardona XV. A Dynamic Perspective of Emerging Coordination Clusters in Crisis Response Networks. In Tapia A, Antunes P, Bañuls VA, Moore K, Porto J, editors, ISCRAM 2016 Conference Proceedings – 13th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. 2016