A Formal Graphical Language of Interdependence in Teamwork

Changyun Wei, Koen V. Hindriks, M. Birna Van Riemsdijk, Catholijn M. Jonker

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Agents in teamwork may be highly interdependent on each other, and the awareness of interdependences is an important requirement for designing and consequently implementing a multiagent system. In this article, we propose a formal graphical and domain-independent language that can facilitate the identification of comprehensive interdependences among the agents in teamwork. Moreover, a formal semantics is also introduced to precisely express and explain the properties of a graphical structure. The novel feature of the graphical language is that it complements the Interdependence Analysis Color Scheme in a way that explicitly models negative influences and, in addition, provides a visual-communication aid for developers. To demonstrate the applicability and sufficiency of the graphical language in a variety of domains, our case studies include a multirobot scenario and a human-robot scenario.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-34
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Intelligent Systems
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 19 Sept 2019


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