A global multi-hazard risk analysis of road and railway infrastructure assets

E. E. Koks, J. Rozenberg, C. Zorn, M. Tariverdi, M. Vousdoukas, S. A. Fraser, J. W. Hall, S. Hallegatte

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Transport infrastructure is exposed to natural hazards all around the world. Here we present the first global estimates of multi-hazard exposure and risk to road and rail infrastructure. Results reveal that ~27% of all global road and railway assets are exposed to at least one hazard and ~7.5% of all assets are exposed to a 1/100 year flood event. Global Expected Annual Damages (EAD) due to direct damage to road and railway assets range from 3.1 to 22 billion US dollars, of which ~73% is caused by surface and river flooding. Global EAD are small relative to global GDP (~0.02%). However, in some countries EAD reach 0.5 to 1% of GDP annually, which is the same order of magnitude as national transport infrastructure budgets. A cost-benefit analysis suggests that increasing flood protection would have positive returns on ~60% of roads exposed to a 1/100 year flood event.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2677
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalNature Communications
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jun 2019

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Risk analysis
roads
hazards
Hazards
damage
Budgets
Rivers
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Cost benefit analysis
cost benefit analysis
Rails
rails
budgets
rivers
estimates

Cite this

Koks, E. E., Rozenberg, J., Zorn, C., Tariverdi, M., Vousdoukas, M., Fraser, S. A., ... Hallegatte, S. (2019). A global multi-hazard risk analysis of road and railway infrastructure assets. Nature Communications, 10, 1-11. [2677]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-10442-3
Koks, E. E. ; Rozenberg, J. ; Zorn, C. ; Tariverdi, M. ; Vousdoukas, M. ; Fraser, S. A. ; Hall, J. W. ; Hallegatte, S. / A global multi-hazard risk analysis of road and railway infrastructure assets. In: Nature Communications. 2019 ; Vol. 10. pp. 1-11.
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Koks, EE, Rozenberg, J, Zorn, C, Tariverdi, M, Vousdoukas, M, Fraser, SA, Hall, JW & Hallegatte, S 2019, 'A global multi-hazard risk analysis of road and railway infrastructure assets' Nature Communications, vol. 10, 2677, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-10442-3

A global multi-hazard risk analysis of road and railway infrastructure assets. / Koks, E. E.; Rozenberg, J.; Zorn, C.; Tariverdi, M.; Vousdoukas, M.; Fraser, S. A.; Hall, J. W.; Hallegatte, S.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 10, 2677, 25.06.2019, p. 1-11.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Koks EE, Rozenberg J, Zorn C, Tariverdi M, Vousdoukas M, Fraser SA et al. A global multi-hazard risk analysis of road and railway infrastructure assets. Nature Communications. 2019 Jun 25;10:1-11. 2677. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-10442-3