A History of universalism: Conceptions of the internationally of science from the enlightenment to the cold war

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Abstract

That science is fundamentally universal has been proclaimed innumerable times. But the precise geographical meaning of this universality has changed historically. This article examines conceptions of scientific internationalism from the Enlightenment to the Cold War, and their varying relations to cosmopolitanism, nationalism, socialism, and 'the West'. These views are confronted with recent tendencies to cast science as a uniquely European product.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-379
Number of pages19
JournalMinerva
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Historiography of science
  • Internationalism
  • Nationalism
  • Universalism

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