A longitudinal study of the impact of corporate social responsibility on firm performance in SMEs in Zambia

Progress Choongo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of corporate social responsibility on firm performance using a longitudinal design in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The reported study was conducted in a Sub-Saharan African developing country, Zambia. Data were collected from 153 entrepreneurs in two surveys and changes in CSR and firm performance measures were analysed over a 12-month period using Smart PLS structural equation modelling. The findings show that the relationship between CSR and financial performance is significant. Further, the association between CSR and the two measures of firm performance (corporate reputation and employee commitment) was only partially significant over time. We discuss the relevance of these results for entrepreneurs, researchers and policy makers in understanding the outcomes of sustainability practices in SMEs in developing countries, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1300
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Africa
  • CSR
  • Developing country
  • Firm performance
  • Longitudinal design
  • SMEs
  • Zambia

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