A matched comparison across three different sensory pairs of cross-modal temporal recalibration from sustained and transient adaptation

David Alais*, Tam Ho, Shui'Er Han, Erik Van der Burg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Sustained exposure to an asynchronous multisensory signal causes perceived simultaneity to shift in the direction of the leading component of the adapting stimulus. This is known as temporal recalibration, and recent evidence suggests that it can occur very rapidly, even after a single asynchronous audiovisual (AV) stimulus. However, this form of rapid recalibration appears to be unique to AV stimuli, in contrast to recalibration following sustained asynchronies which occurs with audiotactile (AT) and visuotactile (VT) stimuli. This study examines temporal recalibration to AV, VT and AT asynchrony with spatially collocated stimuli using a design that produces both sustained and inter-trial recalibration by combining the traditional sustained adaptation approach with an inter-trial analysis of sequential dependencies in an extended test period. Thus, we compare temporal recalibration to both sustained and transient asynchrony in three crossmodal combinations using the same design, stimuli and observers. The results reveal that prolonged exposure to asynchrony produced equivalent temporal recalibration for all combinations: AV, AT and VT. The pattern for rapid, inter-trial recalibration was very different. Rapid recalibration occurred strongly for AV stimuli, weakly for ATand did not occur at all for VT. For all sensory pairings, recalibration from sustained asynchrony decayed to baseline during the test phase while inter-trial recalibration was present and stable throughout testing, suggesting different mechanisms may underlie adaptation at long and short timescales.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
Journali-Perception
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Audiotactile
  • Audiovisual
  • Perceptual synchrony
  • Sequential dependency
  • Temporal recalibration
  • Visuotactile

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