A more active lifestyle in persons with a recent spinal cord injury benefits physical fitness and health

C. F.J. Nooijen*, S. De Groot, K. Postma, M. P. Bergen, H. J. Stam, J. B.J. Bussmann, R. J. Van Den Berg-Emons

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Study design: A prospective cohort study. Objectives: To study the longitudinal relationship between objectively measured everyday physical activity level, and physical fitness and lipid profile in persons with a recent spinal cord injury (SCI). Setting: A rehabilitation centre in the Netherlands and the participant's home environment. Methods: Data of 30 persons with a recent SCI were collected at the start of active rehabilitation, 3 months later, at discharge from inpatient rehabilitation, and 1 year after discharge. Physical activity level (duration of dynamic activities as % of 24 h) was measured with an accelerometry-based activity monitor. Regarding physical fitness, peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) and peak power output (POpeak) were determined with a maximal wheelchair exercise test, and upper extremity muscle strength was measured with a handheld dynamometer. Fasting blood samples were taken to determine the lipid profile. Results: An increase in physical activity level was significantly related to an increase in VO2peak and POpeak, and an increase in physical activity level favourably affected the lipid profile. A nonsignificant relation was found with muscle strength. Conclusion: Everyday physical activity seems to have an important role in the fitness and health of persons with a recent SCI. An increase in physical activity level was associated with an increase in physical fitness and with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-323
Number of pages4
JournalSpinal cord
Volume50
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • accelerometry
  • cardiovascular disease
  • physical activity
  • physical fitness
  • spinal cord injury

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