A new international measure of social stratification

C. Meraviglia, H.B.G. Ganzeboom, Deborah De Luca

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Abstract

In this paper we present a new international measure of social stratification, the ICAMS (International Cambridge Scale). Our aim is to bring new evidence to the hypothesis that the construct that underlies measures of social stratification as different as prestige scales, socio-economic indexes, social distance and social status scales is actually unidimensional. We evaluate the new scale according to both criterion-related and construct validity. Our analysis shows that the ICAMS is a valid indicator of social stratification, being almost as valid as International Socio-Economic Index (ISEI) in what we termed the generic, the homogamy and the social mobility models, and being better than ISEI in the cultural consumption model. The second key result is that all continuous measures we consider (ICAMS, ISEI and Standard International Occupational Prestige Scale) are indicators of the same latent dimension, which is unidimensional. This latter result is compatible with more than one explanation, hence calling for further research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-153
Number of pages29
JournalContemporary Social Science
Volume11
Issue number2-3
Early online date18 Aug 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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