A quantitative analysis of light-driven charge transfer processes using voronoi partitioning of time dependent DFT-derived electron densities

Jeroen A. Rombouts, Andreas W. Ehlers, Koop Lammertsma

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

An analytical method is presented that provides quantitative insight into light-driven electron density rearrangement using the output of standard time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) computations on molecular compounds. Using final and initial electron densities for photochemical processes, the subtraction of summed electron density in each atom-centered Voronoi polyhedron yields the electronic charge difference, QVECD. This subtractive method can also be used with Bader, Mulliken and Hirshfeld charges. A validation study shows QVECD to have the most consistent performance across basis sets and good conservation of charge between electronic states. Besides vertical transitions, relaxation processes can be investigated as well. Significant electron transfer is computed for isomerization on the excited state energy surface of azobenzene. A number of linear anilinepyridinium donor-bridge-acceptor chromophores was examined using QVECD to unravel the influence of its pi-conjugated bridge on charge separation. Finally, the usefulness of the presented method as a tool in optimizing charge transfer is shown for a homologous series of organometallic pigments. The presented work allows facile calculation of a novel, relevant quantity describing charge transfer processes at the atomic level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1811-1818
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Computational Chemistry
Volume38
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2017

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Charge Transfer
Voronoi
Quantitative Analysis
Discrete Fourier transforms
Carrier concentration
Charge transfer
Partitioning
Charge
Electron
Chemical analysis
Azobenzene
Electronic states
Electronics
Relaxation processes
Organometallics
Chromophores
Time-dependent Density Functional Theory
Isomerization
Interfacial energy
Excited states

Keywords

  • atomic charges
  • charge analysis
  • molecular design
  • time-dependent density functional theory

Cite this

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title = "A quantitative analysis of light-driven charge transfer processes using voronoi partitioning of time dependent DFT-derived electron densities",
abstract = "An analytical method is presented that provides quantitative insight into light-driven electron density rearrangement using the output of standard time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) computations on molecular compounds. Using final and initial electron densities for photochemical processes, the subtraction of summed electron density in each atom-centered Voronoi polyhedron yields the electronic charge difference, QVECD. This subtractive method can also be used with Bader, Mulliken and Hirshfeld charges. A validation study shows QVECD to have the most consistent performance across basis sets and good conservation of charge between electronic states. Besides vertical transitions, relaxation processes can be investigated as well. Significant electron transfer is computed for isomerization on the excited state energy surface of azobenzene. A number of linear anilinepyridinium donor-bridge-acceptor chromophores was examined using QVECD to unravel the influence of its pi-conjugated bridge on charge separation. Finally, the usefulness of the presented method as a tool in optimizing charge transfer is shown for a homologous series of organometallic pigments. The presented work allows facile calculation of a novel, relevant quantity describing charge transfer processes at the atomic level.",
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A quantitative analysis of light-driven charge transfer processes using voronoi partitioning of time dependent DFT-derived electron densities. / Rombouts, Jeroen A.; Ehlers, Andreas W.; Lammertsma, Koop.

In: Journal of Computational Chemistry, Vol. 38, No. 20, 30.07.2017, p. 1811-1818.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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N2 - An analytical method is presented that provides quantitative insight into light-driven electron density rearrangement using the output of standard time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) computations on molecular compounds. Using final and initial electron densities for photochemical processes, the subtraction of summed electron density in each atom-centered Voronoi polyhedron yields the electronic charge difference, QVECD. This subtractive method can also be used with Bader, Mulliken and Hirshfeld charges. A validation study shows QVECD to have the most consistent performance across basis sets and good conservation of charge between electronic states. Besides vertical transitions, relaxation processes can be investigated as well. Significant electron transfer is computed for isomerization on the excited state energy surface of azobenzene. A number of linear anilinepyridinium donor-bridge-acceptor chromophores was examined using QVECD to unravel the influence of its pi-conjugated bridge on charge separation. Finally, the usefulness of the presented method as a tool in optimizing charge transfer is shown for a homologous series of organometallic pigments. The presented work allows facile calculation of a novel, relevant quantity describing charge transfer processes at the atomic level.

AB - An analytical method is presented that provides quantitative insight into light-driven electron density rearrangement using the output of standard time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) computations on molecular compounds. Using final and initial electron densities for photochemical processes, the subtraction of summed electron density in each atom-centered Voronoi polyhedron yields the electronic charge difference, QVECD. This subtractive method can also be used with Bader, Mulliken and Hirshfeld charges. A validation study shows QVECD to have the most consistent performance across basis sets and good conservation of charge between electronic states. Besides vertical transitions, relaxation processes can be investigated as well. Significant electron transfer is computed for isomerization on the excited state energy surface of azobenzene. A number of linear anilinepyridinium donor-bridge-acceptor chromophores was examined using QVECD to unravel the influence of its pi-conjugated bridge on charge separation. Finally, the usefulness of the presented method as a tool in optimizing charge transfer is shown for a homologous series of organometallic pigments. The presented work allows facile calculation of a novel, relevant quantity describing charge transfer processes at the atomic level.

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