A Randomized Effectiveness Trial of a Behavioral Teacher Program Targeting ADHD Symptoms

Betty Veenman*, Marjolein Luman, Jan Hoeksma, Karlijn Pieterse, Jaap Oosterlaan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Objective: This study investigated the effectiveness of the Positivity & Rules Program (PR program), a behavioral teacher program targeting ADHD symptoms in the classroom involving both student-focused and classroom-focused programs. Method: Primary school children with ADHD symptoms (N = 114) were randomly assigned to the PR program (n = 58) or control group (n = 56). Teacher and parent ratings were used to assess behavioral, social, and emotional functioning at baseline, during and after the intervention. Intervention effects were assessed using intention-to-treat multilevel analyses. Results: Teachers reported positive effects on ADHD symptoms and social skills (.01 < f2 >.36). Effects did not generalize to the home setting. Conclusion: The PR program holds promise for improving classroom behavior in children with ADHD symptoms and might prevent escalation of problem behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-304
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Attention Disorders
Issue number3
Early online date11 Jul 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019


  • ADHD
  • behavioral treatment
  • contingency management
  • school
  • teacher


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