A reduced-cost iterated local search heuristic for the fixed-charge transportation problem

Erika Buson*, Roberto Roberti, Paolo Toth

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


    The fixed-charge transportation problem (FCTP) is a generalization of the transportation problem where an additional fixed cost is paid for sending a flow from an origin to a destination. We propose an iterated local search heuristic based on the utilization of reduced costs for guiding the restart phase. The reduced costs are obtained by applying a lower bounding procedure that computes a sequence of nondecreasing lower bounds by solving a three-index mathematical formulation of the problem strengthened with valid inequalities. The proposed method was tested on two sets of benchmark instances from the literature. The first set was used to evaluate the state-of-the-art heuristics for the problem; the proposed heuristic was able to provide new best-knownupper bounds on all 124 open instances. On the second set of instances, which was recently introduced for testing the currently best exact method for the problem, the new heuristic was able to provide provably good upper bounds within short computing times.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1095-1106
    Number of pages12
    JournalOperations Research
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2014


    • Fixed charge transportation problem
    • Iterated local search
    • Reduced costs

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