A reference architecture for personalized and self-adaptive e-health apps

Eoin Martino Grua*, Martina De Sanctis, Patricia Lago

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

129 Downloads (Pure)


A wealth of e-Health mobile apps are available for many purposes, such as life style improvement, mental coaching, etc. The interventions, prompts, and encouragements of e-Health apps sometimes take context into account (e.g., previous interactions or geographical location of the user), but they still tend to be rigid, e.g., by using fixed rule sets or being not sufficiently tailored towards individuals. Personalization to the different users’ characteristics and run-time adaptation to their changing needs and context provide a great opportunity for getting users continuously engaged and active, eventually leading to better physical and mental conditions. This paper presents a reference architecture for enabling AI-based personalization and self-adaptation of mobile apps for e-Health. The reference architecture makes use of multiple MAPE loops operating at different levels of granularity and for different purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSoftware Architecture
Subtitle of host publication14th European Conference, ECSA 2020 Tracks and Workshops, L'Aquila, Italy, September 14–18, 2020, Proceedings
EditorsHenry Muccini, Mirco Franzago, Paris Avgeriou, Barbora Buhnova, Javier Camara, Mauro Caporuscio, Anne Koziolek, Patrizia Scandurra, Catia Trubiani, Danny Weyns, Uwe Zdun
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9783030591557
ISBN (Print)9783030591540
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event14th European Conference on Software Architecture,ECSA 2020 - L'Aquila, Italy
Duration: 14 Sept 202018 Sept 2020

Publication series

NameCommunications in Computer and Information Science
Volume1269 CCIS
ISSN (Print)1865-0929
ISSN (Electronic)1865-0937


Conference14th European Conference on Software Architecture,ECSA 2020


  • e-Health
  • Mobile apps
  • Personalization
  • Reference architecture
  • Self-adaptive systems


Dive into the research topics of 'A reference architecture for personalized and self-adaptive e-health apps'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this