A Standard Siren Measurement of the Hubble Constant from GW170817 without the Electromagnetic Counterpart

M. Fishbach, R. Gray, I. Magana Hernandez, H. Qi, A. Sur, F. Acernese, L. Aiello, A. Allocca, M. A. Aloy, A. Amato, S. Antier, M. Arene, N. Arnaud, S. Ascenzi, P. Astone, F. Aubin, S. Babak, P. Bacon, F. Badaracco, M. K.M. Bader & 300 others F. Baldaccini, G. Ballardin, F. Barone, M. Barsuglia, D. Barta, A. Basti, M. Bawaj, M. Bazzan, M. Bejger, I. Belahcene, S. Bernuzzi, D. Bersanetti, A. Bertolini, M. Bitossi, M. A. Bizouard, C. D. Blair, S. Bloemen, M. Boer, G. Bogaert, F. Bondu, R. Bonnand, B. A. Boom, V. Boschi, Y. Bouffanais, A. Bozzi, C. Bradaschia, P. R. Brady, M. Branchesi, T. Briant, F. Brighenti, A. Brillet, V. Brisson, T. Bulik, H. J. Bulten, D. Buskulic, C. Buy, G. Cagnoli, E. Calloni, M. Canepa, E. Capocasa, F. Carbognani, G. Carullo, J. Casanueva Diaz, C. Casentini, S. Caudill, F. Cavalier, R. Cavalieri, G. Cella, P. Cerdá-Durán, G. Cerretani, E. Cesarini, O. Chaibi, E. Chassande-Mottin, K. Chatziioannou, H. Y. Chen, A. Chincarini, A. Chiummo, N. Christensen, S. Chua, G. Ciani, R. Ciolfi, F. Cipriano, A. Cirone, F. Cleva, E. Coccia, P. F. Cohadon, D. Cohen, L. Conti, I. Cordero-Carrión, S. Cortese, M. W. Coughlin, J. P. Coulon, M. Croquette, E. Cuoco, G. Dálya, S. D'Antonio, L. E.H. Datrier, V. Dattilo, M. Davier, J. Degallaix, M. De Laurentis, S. Deléglise, W. Del Pozzo, M. Denys, R. De Pietri, R. De Rosa, C. De Rossi, R. Desalvo, T. Dietrich, L. Di Fiore, M. Di Giovanni, T. Di Girolamo, A. Di Lieto, S. Di Pace, I. Di Palma, F. Di Renzo, Z. Doctor, M. Drago, J. G. Ducoin, M. Eisenmann, R. C. Essick, D. Estevez, V. Fafone, S. Farinon, W. M. Farr, F. Feng, I. Ferrante, F. Ferrini, F. Fidecaro, I. Fiori, D. Fiorucci, R. Flaminio, J. A. Font, J. D. Fournier, S. Frasca, F. Frasconi, V. Frey, J. R. Gair, L. Gammaitoni, F. Garufi, G. Gemme, E. Genin, A. Gennai, D. George, V. Germain, A. Ghosh, B. Giacomazzo, A. Giazotto, G. Giordano, J. M. Gonzalez Castro, M. Gosselin, R. Gouaty, A. Grado, M. Granata, G. Greco, P. Groot, P. Gruning, G. M. Guidi, Y. Guo, O. Halim, J. Harms, C. J. Haster, A. Heidmann, H. Heitmann, P. Hello, G. Hemming, M. Hendry, T. Hinderer, D. Hoak, D. Hofman, D. E. Holz, A. Hreibi, D. Huet, B. Idzkowski, A. Iess, G. Intini, J. M. Isac, T. Jacqmin, P. Jaranowski, R. J.G. Jonker, S. Katsanevas, E. Katsavounidis, F. Kéfélian, I. Khan, G. Koekoek, S. Koley, I. Kowalska, A. Królak, A. Kutynia, J. Lange, A. Lartaux-Vollard, C. Lazzaro, P. Leaci, N. Letendre, T. G.F. Li, F. Linde, A. Longo, M. Lorenzini, V. Loriette, G. Losurdo, D. Lumaca, R. MacAs, A. MacQuet, E. Majorana, I. Maksimovic, N. Man, M. Mantovani, F. Marchesoni, C. Markakis, A. Marquina, F. Martelli, E. Massera, A. Masserot, S. Mastrogiovanni, J. Meidam, L. Mereni, M. Merzougui, C. Messenger, R. Metzdorff, C. Michel, L. Milano, A. Miller, O. Minazzoli, Y. Minenkov, M. Montani, S. Morisaki, B. Mours, A. Nagar, I. Nardecchia, L. Naticchioni, G. Nelemans, D. Nichols, F. Nocera, M. Obergaulinger, G. Pagano, C. Palomba, F. Pannarale, F. Paoletti, A. Paoli, A. Pasqualetti, R. Passaquieti, D. Passuello, M. Patil, B. Patricelli, R. Pedurand, A. Perreca, O. J. Piccinni, M. Pichot, F. Piergiovanni, G. Pillant, L. Pinard, R. Poggiani, P. Popolizio, G. A. Prodi, M. Punturo, P. Puppo, N. Radulescu, P. Raffai, P. Rapagnani, V. Raymond, M. Razzano, T. Regimbau, L. Rei, F. Ricci, A. Rocchi, L. Rolland, M. Romanelli, R. Romano, D. Rosińska, P. Ruggi, L. Salconi, A. Samajdar, N. Sanchis-Gual, B. Sassolas, B. F. Schutz, D. Sentenac, V. Sequino, M. Sieniawska, N. Singh, A. Singhal, F. Sorrentino, C. Stachie, D. A. Steer, G. Stratta, B. L. Swinkels, M. Tacca, N. Tamanini, S. Tiwari, M. Tonelli, A. Torres-Forné, F. Travasso, M. C. Tringali, A. Trovato, L. Trozzo, K. W. Tsang, N. Van Bakel, M. Van Beuzekom, J. F.J. Van Den Brand, C. Van Den Broeck, L. Van Den Schaaf, J. V. Van Heijningen, M. Vardaro, M. Vasth, G. Vedovato, J. Veitch, D. Verkindt, F. Vetrano, A. Viceré, J. Y. Vinet, H. Vocca, R. Walet, G. Wang, Y. F. Wang, M. Was, A. R. Williamson, M. Yvert, A. Zadrożny, T. Zelenova, J. P. Zendri, A. B. Zimmerman

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

We perform a statistical standard siren analysis of GW170817. Our analysis does not utilize knowledge of NGC 4993 as the unique host galaxy of the optical counterpart to GW170817. Instead, we consider each galaxy within the GW170817 localization region as a potential host; combining the redshifts from all of the galaxies with the distance estimate from GW170817 provides an estimate of the Hubble constant, H 0 . Considering all galaxies brighter than as equally likely to host a binary neutron star merger, we find km s -1 Mpc -1 (maximum a posteriori and 68.3% highest density posterior interval; assuming a flat H 0 prior in the range km s -1 Mpc -1 ). We explore the dependence of our results on the thresholds by which galaxies are included in our sample, and we show that weighting the host galaxies by stellar mass or star formation rate provides entirely consistent results with potentially tighter constraints. By applying the method to simulated gravitational-wave events and a realistic galaxy catalog we show that, because of the small localization volume, this statistical standard siren analysis of GW170817 provides an unusually informative (top 10%) constraint. Under optimistic assumptions for galaxy completeness and redshift uncertainty, we find that dark binary neutron star measurements of H 0 will converge as , where N is the number of sources. While these statistical estimates are inferior to the value from the counterpart standard siren measurement utilizing NGC 4993 as the unique host, km s -1 Mpc -1 (determined from the same publicly available data), our analysis is a proof-of-principle demonstration of the statistical approach first proposed by Bernard Schutz over 30 yr ago.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL13
Pages (from-to)1-1
Number of pages10
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume871
Issue number1
Early online date20 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

sirens
Hubble constant
electromagnetism
galaxies
merger
binary stars
neutron stars
estimates
analysis
completeness
star formation rate
stellar mass
gravitational waves
catalogs
intervals

Keywords

  • distance scale
  • gravitational waves

Cite this

Fishbach, M., Gray, R., Hernandez, I. M., Qi, H., Sur, A., Acernese, F., ... Zimmerman, A. B. (2019). A Standard Siren Measurement of the Hubble Constant from GW170817 without the Electromagnetic Counterpart. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 871(1), 1-1. [L13]. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/aaf96e
Fishbach, M. ; Gray, R. ; Hernandez, I. Magana ; Qi, H. ; Sur, A. ; Acernese, F. ; Aiello, L. ; Allocca, A. ; Aloy, M. A. ; Amato, A. ; Antier, S. ; Arene, M. ; Arnaud, N. ; Ascenzi, S. ; Astone, P. ; Aubin, F. ; Babak, S. ; Bacon, P. ; Badaracco, F. ; Bader, M. K.M. ; Baldaccini, F. ; Ballardin, G. ; Barone, F. ; Barsuglia, M. ; Barta, D. ; Basti, A. ; Bawaj, M. ; Bazzan, M. ; Bejger, M. ; Belahcene, I. ; Bernuzzi, S. ; Bersanetti, D. ; Bertolini, A. ; Bitossi, M. ; Bizouard, M. A. ; Blair, C. D. ; Bloemen, S. ; Boer, M. ; Bogaert, G. ; Bondu, F. ; Bonnand, R. ; Boom, B. A. ; Boschi, V. ; Bouffanais, Y. ; Bozzi, A. ; Bradaschia, C. ; Brady, P. R. ; Branchesi, M. ; Briant, T. ; Brighenti, F. ; Brillet, A. ; Brisson, V. ; Bulik, T. ; Bulten, H. J. ; Buskulic, D. ; Buy, C. ; Cagnoli, G. ; Calloni, E. ; Canepa, M. ; Capocasa, E. ; Carbognani, F. ; Carullo, G. ; Diaz, J. Casanueva ; Casentini, C. ; Caudill, S. ; Cavalier, F. ; Cavalieri, R. ; Cella, G. ; Cerdá-Durán, P. ; Cerretani, G. ; Cesarini, E. ; Chaibi, O. ; Chassande-Mottin, E. ; Chatziioannou, K. ; Chen, H. Y. ; Chincarini, A. ; Chiummo, A. ; Christensen, N. ; Chua, S. ; Ciani, G. ; Ciolfi, R. ; Cipriano, F. ; Cirone, A. ; Cleva, F. ; Coccia, E. ; Cohadon, P. F. ; Cohen, D. ; Conti, L. ; Cordero-Carrión, I. ; Cortese, S. ; Coughlin, M. W. ; Coulon, J. P. ; Croquette, M. ; Cuoco, E. ; Dálya, G. ; D'Antonio, S. ; Datrier, L. E.H. ; Dattilo, V. ; Davier, M. ; Degallaix, J. ; Laurentis, M. De ; Deléglise, S. ; Pozzo, W. Del ; Denys, M. ; De Pietri, R. ; De Rosa, R. ; De Rossi, C. ; Desalvo, R. ; Dietrich, T. ; Di Fiore, L. ; Di Giovanni, M. ; Di Girolamo, T. ; Di Lieto, A. ; Di Pace, S. ; Di Palma, I. ; Di Renzo, F. ; Doctor, Z. ; Drago, M. ; Ducoin, J. G. ; Eisenmann, M. ; Essick, R. C. ; Estevez, D. ; Fafone, V. ; Farinon, S. ; Farr, W. M. ; Feng, F. ; Ferrante, I. ; Ferrini, F. ; Fidecaro, F. ; Fiori, I. ; Fiorucci, D. ; Flaminio, R. ; Font, J. A. ; Fournier, J. D. ; Frasca, S. ; Frasconi, F. ; Frey, V. ; Gair, J. R. ; Gammaitoni, L. ; Garufi, F. ; Gemme, G. ; Genin, E. ; Gennai, A. ; George, D. ; Germain, V. ; Ghosh, A. ; Giacomazzo, B. ; Giazotto, A. ; Giordano, G. ; Gonzalez Castro, J. M. ; Gosselin, M. ; Gouaty, R. ; Grado, A. ; Granata, M. ; Greco, G. ; Groot, P. ; Gruning, P. ; Guidi, G. M. ; Guo, Y. ; Halim, O. ; Harms, J. ; Haster, C. J. ; Heidmann, A. ; Heitmann, H. ; Hello, P. ; Hemming, G. ; Hendry, M. ; Hinderer, T. ; Hoak, D. ; Hofman, D. ; Holz, D. E. ; Hreibi, A. ; Huet, D. ; Idzkowski, B. ; Iess, A. ; Intini, G. ; Isac, J. M. ; Jacqmin, T. ; Jaranowski, P. ; Jonker, R. J.G. ; Katsanevas, S. ; Katsavounidis, E. ; Kéfélian, F. ; Khan, I. ; Koekoek, G. ; Koley, S. ; Kowalska, I. ; Królak, A. ; Kutynia, A. ; Lange, J. ; Lartaux-Vollard, A. ; Lazzaro, C. ; Leaci, P. ; Letendre, N. ; Li, T. G.F. ; Linde, F. ; Longo, A. ; Lorenzini, M. ; Loriette, V. ; Losurdo, G. ; Lumaca, D. ; MacAs, R. ; MacQuet, A. ; Majorana, E. ; Maksimovic, I. ; Man, N. ; Mantovani, M. ; Marchesoni, F. ; Markakis, C. ; Marquina, A. ; Martelli, F. ; Massera, E. ; Masserot, A. ; Mastrogiovanni, S. ; Meidam, J. ; Mereni, L. ; Merzougui, M. ; Messenger, C. ; Metzdorff, R. ; Michel, C. ; Milano, L. ; Miller, A. ; Minazzoli, O. ; Minenkov, Y. ; Montani, M. ; Morisaki, S. ; Mours, B. ; Nagar, A. ; Nardecchia, I. ; Naticchioni, L. ; Nelemans, G. ; Nichols, D. ; Nocera, F. ; Obergaulinger, M. ; Pagano, G. ; Palomba, C. ; Pannarale, F. ; Paoletti, F. ; Paoli, A. ; Pasqualetti, A. ; Passaquieti, R. ; Passuello, D. ; Patil, M. ; Patricelli, B. ; Pedurand, R. ; Perreca, A. ; Piccinni, O. J. ; Pichot, M. ; Piergiovanni, F. ; Pillant, G. ; Pinard, L. ; Poggiani, R. ; Popolizio, P. ; Prodi, G. A. ; Punturo, M. ; Puppo, P. ; Radulescu, N. ; Raffai, P. ; Rapagnani, P. ; Raymond, V. ; Razzano, M. ; Regimbau, T. ; Rei, L. ; Ricci, F. ; Rocchi, A. ; Rolland, L. ; Romanelli, M. ; Romano, R. ; Rosińska, D. ; Ruggi, P. ; Salconi, L. ; Samajdar, A. ; Sanchis-Gual, N. ; Sassolas, B. ; Schutz, B. F. ; Sentenac, D. ; Sequino, V. ; Sieniawska, M. ; Singh, N. ; Singhal, A. ; Sorrentino, F. ; Stachie, C. ; Steer, D. A. ; Stratta, G. ; Swinkels, B. L. ; Tacca, M. ; Tamanini, N. ; Tiwari, S. ; Tonelli, M. ; Torres-Forné, A. ; Travasso, F. ; Tringali, M. C. ; Trovato, A. ; Trozzo, L. ; Tsang, K. W. ; Bakel, N. Van ; Beuzekom, M. Van ; Van Den Brand, J. F.J. ; Van Den Broeck, C. ; Van Den Schaaf, L. ; Van Heijningen, J. V. ; Vardaro, M. ; Vasth, M. ; Vedovato, G. ; Veitch, J. ; Verkindt, D. ; Vetrano, F. ; Viceré, A. ; Vinet, J. Y. ; Vocca, H. ; Walet, R. ; Wang, G. ; Wang, Y. F. ; Was, M. ; Williamson, A. R. ; Yvert, M. ; Zadrożny, A. ; Zelenova, T. ; Zendri, J. P. ; Zimmerman, A. B. / A Standard Siren Measurement of the Hubble Constant from GW170817 without the Electromagnetic Counterpart. In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2019 ; Vol. 871, No. 1. pp. 1-1.
@article{47fdd531a95c42d3bb68d3c8f1d6165d,
title = "A Standard Siren Measurement of the Hubble Constant from GW170817 without the Electromagnetic Counterpart",
abstract = "We perform a statistical standard siren analysis of GW170817. Our analysis does not utilize knowledge of NGC 4993 as the unique host galaxy of the optical counterpart to GW170817. Instead, we consider each galaxy within the GW170817 localization region as a potential host; combining the redshifts from all of the galaxies with the distance estimate from GW170817 provides an estimate of the Hubble constant, H 0 . Considering all galaxies brighter than as equally likely to host a binary neutron star merger, we find km s -1 Mpc -1 (maximum a posteriori and 68.3{\%} highest density posterior interval; assuming a flat H 0 prior in the range km s -1 Mpc -1 ). We explore the dependence of our results on the thresholds by which galaxies are included in our sample, and we show that weighting the host galaxies by stellar mass or star formation rate provides entirely consistent results with potentially tighter constraints. By applying the method to simulated gravitational-wave events and a realistic galaxy catalog we show that, because of the small localization volume, this statistical standard siren analysis of GW170817 provides an unusually informative (top 10{\%}) constraint. Under optimistic assumptions for galaxy completeness and redshift uncertainty, we find that dark binary neutron star measurements of H 0 will converge as , where N is the number of sources. While these statistical estimates are inferior to the value from the counterpart standard siren measurement utilizing NGC 4993 as the unique host, km s -1 Mpc -1 (determined from the same publicly available data), our analysis is a proof-of-principle demonstration of the statistical approach first proposed by Bernard Schutz over 30 yr ago.",
keywords = "distance scale, gravitational waves",
author = "M. Fishbach and R. Gray and Hernandez, {I. Magana} and H. Qi and A. Sur and F. Acernese and L. Aiello and A. Allocca and Aloy, {M. A.} and A. Amato and S. Antier and M. Arene and N. Arnaud and S. Ascenzi and P. Astone and F. Aubin and S. Babak and P. Bacon and F. Badaracco and Bader, {M. K.M.} and F. Baldaccini and G. Ballardin and F. Barone and M. Barsuglia and D. Barta and A. Basti and M. Bawaj and M. Bazzan and M. Bejger and I. Belahcene and S. Bernuzzi and D. Bersanetti and A. Bertolini and M. Bitossi and Bizouard, {M. A.} and Blair, {C. D.} and S. Bloemen and M. Boer and G. Bogaert and F. Bondu and R. Bonnand and Boom, {B. A.} and V. Boschi and Y. Bouffanais and A. Bozzi and C. Bradaschia and Brady, {P. R.} and M. Branchesi and T. Briant and F. Brighenti and A. Brillet and V. Brisson and T. Bulik and Bulten, {H. J.} and D. Buskulic and C. Buy and G. Cagnoli and E. Calloni and M. Canepa and E. Capocasa and F. Carbognani and G. Carullo and Diaz, {J. Casanueva} and C. Casentini and S. Caudill and F. Cavalier and R. Cavalieri and G. Cella and P. Cerd{\'a}-Dur{\'a}n and G. Cerretani and E. Cesarini and O. Chaibi and E. Chassande-Mottin and K. Chatziioannou and Chen, {H. Y.} and A. Chincarini and A. Chiummo and N. Christensen and S. Chua and G. Ciani and R. Ciolfi and F. Cipriano and A. Cirone and F. Cleva and E. Coccia and Cohadon, {P. F.} and D. Cohen and L. Conti and I. Cordero-Carri{\'o}n and S. Cortese and Coughlin, {M. W.} and Coulon, {J. P.} and M. Croquette and E. Cuoco and G. D{\'a}lya and S. D'Antonio and Datrier, {L. E.H.} and V. Dattilo and M. Davier and J. Degallaix and Laurentis, {M. De} and S. Del{\'e}glise and Pozzo, {W. Del} and M. Denys and {De Pietri}, R. and {De Rosa}, R. and {De Rossi}, C. and R. Desalvo and T. Dietrich and {Di Fiore}, L. and {Di Giovanni}, M. and {Di Girolamo}, T. and {Di Lieto}, A. and {Di Pace}, S. and {Di Palma}, I. and {Di Renzo}, F. and Z. Doctor and M. Drago and Ducoin, {J. G.} and M. Eisenmann and Essick, {R. C.} and D. Estevez and V. Fafone and S. Farinon and Farr, {W. M.} and F. Feng and I. Ferrante and F. Ferrini and F. Fidecaro and I. Fiori and D. Fiorucci and R. Flaminio and Font, {J. A.} and Fournier, {J. D.} and S. Frasca and F. Frasconi and V. Frey and Gair, {J. R.} and L. Gammaitoni and F. Garufi and G. Gemme and E. Genin and A. Gennai and D. George and V. Germain and A. Ghosh and B. Giacomazzo and A. Giazotto and G. Giordano and {Gonzalez Castro}, {J. M.} and M. Gosselin and R. Gouaty and A. Grado and M. Granata and G. Greco and P. Groot and P. Gruning and Guidi, {G. M.} and Y. Guo and O. Halim and J. Harms and Haster, {C. J.} and A. Heidmann and H. Heitmann and P. Hello and G. Hemming and M. Hendry and T. Hinderer and D. Hoak and D. Hofman and Holz, {D. E.} and A. Hreibi and D. Huet and B. Idzkowski and A. Iess and G. Intini and Isac, {J. M.} and T. Jacqmin and P. Jaranowski and Jonker, {R. J.G.} and S. Katsanevas and E. Katsavounidis and F. K{\'e}f{\'e}lian and I. Khan and G. Koekoek and S. Koley and I. Kowalska and A. Kr{\'o}lak and A. Kutynia and J. Lange and A. Lartaux-Vollard and C. Lazzaro and P. Leaci and N. Letendre and Li, {T. G.F.} and F. Linde and A. Longo and M. Lorenzini and V. Loriette and G. Losurdo and D. Lumaca and R. MacAs and A. MacQuet and E. Majorana and I. Maksimovic and N. Man and M. Mantovani and F. Marchesoni and C. Markakis and A. Marquina and F. Martelli and E. Massera and A. Masserot and S. Mastrogiovanni and J. Meidam and L. Mereni and M. Merzougui and C. Messenger and R. Metzdorff and C. Michel and L. Milano and A. Miller and O. Minazzoli and Y. Minenkov and M. Montani and S. Morisaki and B. Mours and A. Nagar and I. Nardecchia and L. Naticchioni and G. Nelemans and D. Nichols and F. Nocera and M. Obergaulinger and G. Pagano and C. Palomba and F. Pannarale and F. Paoletti and A. Paoli and A. Pasqualetti and R. Passaquieti and D. Passuello and M. Patil and B. Patricelli and R. Pedurand and A. Perreca and Piccinni, {O. J.} and M. Pichot and F. Piergiovanni and G. Pillant and L. Pinard and R. Poggiani and P. Popolizio and Prodi, {G. A.} and M. Punturo and P. Puppo and N. Radulescu and P. Raffai and P. Rapagnani and V. Raymond and M. Razzano and T. Regimbau and L. Rei and F. Ricci and A. Rocchi and L. Rolland and M. Romanelli and R. Romano and D. Rosińska and P. Ruggi and L. Salconi and A. Samajdar and N. Sanchis-Gual and B. Sassolas and Schutz, {B. F.} and D. Sentenac and V. Sequino and M. Sieniawska and N. Singh and A. Singhal and F. Sorrentino and C. Stachie and Steer, {D. A.} and G. Stratta and Swinkels, {B. L.} and M. Tacca and N. Tamanini and S. Tiwari and M. Tonelli and A. Torres-Forn{\'e} and F. Travasso and Tringali, {M. C.} and A. Trovato and L. Trozzo and Tsang, {K. W.} and Bakel, {N. Van} and Beuzekom, {M. Van} and {Van Den Brand}, {J. F.J.} and {Van Den Broeck}, C. and {Van Den Schaaf}, L. and {Van Heijningen}, {J. V.} and M. Vardaro and M. Vasth and G. Vedovato and J. Veitch and D. Verkindt and F. Vetrano and A. Vicer{\'e} and Vinet, {J. Y.} and H. Vocca and R. Walet and G. Wang and Wang, {Y. F.} and M. Was and Williamson, {A. R.} and M. Yvert and A. Zadrożny and T. Zelenova and Zendri, {J. P.} and Zimmerman, {A. B.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "22",
doi = "10.3847/2041-8213/aaf96e",
language = "English",
volume = "871",
pages = "1--1",
journal = "Astrophysical Journal Letters",
issn = "2041-8205",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

Fishbach, M, Gray, R, Hernandez, IM, Qi, H, Sur, A, Acernese, F, Aiello, L, Allocca, A, Aloy, MA, Amato, A, Antier, S, Arene, M, Arnaud, N, Ascenzi, S, Astone, P, Aubin, F, Babak, S, Bacon, P, Badaracco, F, Bader, MKM, Baldaccini, F, Ballardin, G, Barone, F, Barsuglia, M, Barta, D, Basti, A, Bawaj, M, Bazzan, M, Bejger, M, Belahcene, I, Bernuzzi, S, Bersanetti, D, Bertolini, A, Bitossi, M, Bizouard, MA, Blair, CD, Bloemen, S, Boer, M, Bogaert, G, Bondu, F, Bonnand, R, Boom, BA, Boschi, V, Bouffanais, Y, Bozzi, A, Bradaschia, C, Brady, PR, Branchesi, M, Briant, T, Brighenti, F, Brillet, A, Brisson, V, Bulik, T, Bulten, HJ, Buskulic, D, Buy, C, Cagnoli, G, Calloni, E, Canepa, M, Capocasa, E, Carbognani, F, Carullo, G, Diaz, JC, Casentini, C, Caudill, S, Cavalier, F, Cavalieri, R, Cella, G, Cerdá-Durán, P, Cerretani, G, Cesarini, E, Chaibi, O, Chassande-Mottin, E, Chatziioannou, K, Chen, HY, Chincarini, A, Chiummo, A, Christensen, N, Chua, S, Ciani, G, Ciolfi, R, Cipriano, F, Cirone, A, Cleva, F, Coccia, E, Cohadon, PF, Cohen, D, Conti, L, Cordero-Carrión, I, Cortese, S, Coughlin, MW, Coulon, JP, Croquette, M, Cuoco, E, Dálya, G, D'Antonio, S, Datrier, LEH, Dattilo, V, Davier, M, Degallaix, J, Laurentis, MD, Deléglise, S, Pozzo, WD, Denys, M, De Pietri, R, De Rosa, R, De Rossi, C, Desalvo, R, Dietrich, T, Di Fiore, L, Di Giovanni, M, Di Girolamo, T, Di Lieto, A, Di Pace, S, Di Palma, I, Di Renzo, F, Doctor, Z, Drago, M, Ducoin, JG, Eisenmann, M, Essick, RC, Estevez, D, Fafone, V, Farinon, S, Farr, WM, Feng, F, Ferrante, I, Ferrini, F, Fidecaro, F, Fiori, I, Fiorucci, D, Flaminio, R, Font, JA, Fournier, JD, Frasca, S, Frasconi, F, Frey, V, Gair, JR, Gammaitoni, L, Garufi, F, Gemme, G, Genin, E, Gennai, A, George, D, Germain, V, Ghosh, A, Giacomazzo, B, Giazotto, A, Giordano, G, Gonzalez Castro, JM, Gosselin, M, Gouaty, R, Grado, A, Granata, M, Greco, G, Groot, P, Gruning, P, Guidi, GM, Guo, Y, Halim, O, Harms, J, Haster, CJ, Heidmann, A, Heitmann, H, Hello, P, Hemming, G, Hendry, M, Hinderer, T, Hoak, D, Hofman, D, Holz, DE, Hreibi, A, Huet, D, Idzkowski, B, Iess, A, Intini, G, Isac, JM, Jacqmin, T, Jaranowski, P, Jonker, RJG, Katsanevas, S, Katsavounidis, E, Kéfélian, F, Khan, I, Koekoek, G, Koley, S, Kowalska, I, Królak, A, Kutynia, A, Lange, J, Lartaux-Vollard, A, Lazzaro, C, Leaci, P, Letendre, N, Li, TGF, Linde, F, Longo, A, Lorenzini, M, Loriette, V, Losurdo, G, Lumaca, D, MacAs, R, MacQuet, A, Majorana, E, Maksimovic, I, Man, N, Mantovani, M, Marchesoni, F, Markakis, C, Marquina, A, Martelli, F, Massera, E, Masserot, A, Mastrogiovanni, S, Meidam, J, Mereni, L, Merzougui, M, Messenger, C, Metzdorff, R, Michel, C, Milano, L, Miller, A, Minazzoli, O, Minenkov, Y, Montani, M, Morisaki, S, Mours, B, Nagar, A, Nardecchia, I, Naticchioni, L, Nelemans, G, Nichols, D, Nocera, F, Obergaulinger, M, Pagano, G, Palomba, C, Pannarale, F, Paoletti, F, Paoli, A, Pasqualetti, A, Passaquieti, R, Passuello, D, Patil, M, Patricelli, B, Pedurand, R, Perreca, A, Piccinni, OJ, Pichot, M, Piergiovanni, F, Pillant, G, Pinard, L, Poggiani, R, Popolizio, P, Prodi, GA, Punturo, M, Puppo, P, Radulescu, N, Raffai, P, Rapagnani, P, Raymond, V, Razzano, M, Regimbau, T, Rei, L, Ricci, F, Rocchi, A, Rolland, L, Romanelli, M, Romano, R, Rosińska, D, Ruggi, P, Salconi, L, Samajdar, A, Sanchis-Gual, N, Sassolas, B, Schutz, BF, Sentenac, D, Sequino, V, Sieniawska, M, Singh, N, Singhal, A, Sorrentino, F, Stachie, C, Steer, DA, Stratta, G, Swinkels, BL, Tacca, M, Tamanini, N, Tiwari, S, Tonelli, M, Torres-Forné, A, Travasso, F, Tringali, MC, Trovato, A, Trozzo, L, Tsang, KW, Bakel, NV, Beuzekom, MV, Van Den Brand, JFJ, Van Den Broeck, C, Van Den Schaaf, L, Van Heijningen, JV, Vardaro, M, Vasth, M, Vedovato, G, Veitch, J, Verkindt, D, Vetrano, F, Viceré, A, Vinet, JY, Vocca, H, Walet, R, Wang, G, Wang, YF, Was, M, Williamson, AR, Yvert, M, Zadrożny, A, Zelenova, T, Zendri, JP & Zimmerman, AB 2019, 'A Standard Siren Measurement of the Hubble Constant from GW170817 without the Electromagnetic Counterpart' Astrophysical Journal Letters, vol. 871, no. 1, L13, pp. 1-1. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/aaf96e

A Standard Siren Measurement of the Hubble Constant from GW170817 without the Electromagnetic Counterpart. / Fishbach, M.; Gray, R.; Hernandez, I. Magana; Qi, H.; Sur, A.; Acernese, F.; Aiello, L.; Allocca, A.; Aloy, M. A.; Amato, A.; Antier, S.; Arene, M.; Arnaud, N.; Ascenzi, S.; Astone, P.; Aubin, F.; Babak, S.; Bacon, P.; Badaracco, F.; Bader, M. K.M.; Baldaccini, F.; Ballardin, G.; Barone, F.; Barsuglia, M.; Barta, D.; Basti, A.; Bawaj, M.; Bazzan, M.; Bejger, M.; Belahcene, I.; Bernuzzi, S.; Bersanetti, D.; Bertolini, A.; Bitossi, M.; Bizouard, M. A.; Blair, C. D.; Bloemen, S.; Boer, M.; Bogaert, G.; Bondu, F.; Bonnand, R.; Boom, B. A.; Boschi, V.; Bouffanais, Y.; Bozzi, A.; Bradaschia, C.; Brady, P. R.; Branchesi, M.; Briant, T.; Brighenti, F.; Brillet, A.; Brisson, V.; Bulik, T.; Bulten, H. J.; Buskulic, D.; Buy, C.; Cagnoli, G.; Calloni, E.; Canepa, M.; Capocasa, E.; Carbognani, F.; Carullo, G.; Diaz, J. Casanueva; Casentini, C.; Caudill, S.; Cavalier, F.; Cavalieri, R.; Cella, G.; Cerdá-Durán, P.; Cerretani, G.; Cesarini, E.; Chaibi, O.; Chassande-Mottin, E.; Chatziioannou, K.; Chen, H. Y.; Chincarini, A.; Chiummo, A.; Christensen, N.; Chua, S.; Ciani, G.; Ciolfi, R.; Cipriano, F.; Cirone, A.; Cleva, F.; Coccia, E.; Cohadon, P. F.; Cohen, D.; Conti, L.; Cordero-Carrión, I.; Cortese, S.; Coughlin, M. W.; Coulon, J. P.; Croquette, M.; Cuoco, E.; Dálya, G.; D'Antonio, S.; Datrier, L. E.H.; Dattilo, V.; Davier, M.; Degallaix, J.; Laurentis, M. De; Deléglise, S.; Pozzo, W. Del; Denys, M.; De Pietri, R.; De Rosa, R.; De Rossi, C.; Desalvo, R.; Dietrich, T.; Di Fiore, L.; Di Giovanni, M.; Di Girolamo, T.; Di Lieto, A.; Di Pace, S.; Di Palma, I.; Di Renzo, F.; Doctor, Z.; Drago, M.; Ducoin, J. G.; Eisenmann, M.; Essick, R. C.; Estevez, D.; Fafone, V.; Farinon, S.; Farr, W. M.; Feng, F.; Ferrante, I.; Ferrini, F.; Fidecaro, F.; Fiori, I.; Fiorucci, D.; Flaminio, R.; Font, J. A.; Fournier, J. D.; Frasca, S.; Frasconi, F.; Frey, V.; Gair, J. R.; Gammaitoni, L.; Garufi, F.; Gemme, G.; Genin, E.; Gennai, A.; George, D.; Germain, V.; Ghosh, A.; Giacomazzo, B.; Giazotto, A.; Giordano, G.; Gonzalez Castro, J. M.; Gosselin, M.; Gouaty, R.; Grado, A.; Granata, M.; Greco, G.; Groot, P.; Gruning, P.; Guidi, G. M.; Guo, Y.; Halim, O.; Harms, J.; Haster, C. J.; Heidmann, A.; Heitmann, H.; Hello, P.; Hemming, G.; Hendry, M.; Hinderer, T.; Hoak, D.; Hofman, D.; Holz, D. E.; Hreibi, A.; Huet, D.; Idzkowski, B.; Iess, A.; Intini, G.; Isac, J. M.; Jacqmin, T.; Jaranowski, P.; Jonker, R. J.G.; Katsanevas, S.; Katsavounidis, E.; Kéfélian, F.; Khan, I.; Koekoek, G.; Koley, S.; Kowalska, I.; Królak, A.; Kutynia, A.; Lange, J.; Lartaux-Vollard, A.; Lazzaro, C.; Leaci, P.; Letendre, N.; Li, T. G.F.; Linde, F.; Longo, A.; Lorenzini, M.; Loriette, V.; Losurdo, G.; Lumaca, D.; MacAs, R.; MacQuet, A.; Majorana, E.; Maksimovic, I.; Man, N.; Mantovani, M.; Marchesoni, F.; Markakis, C.; Marquina, A.; Martelli, F.; Massera, E.; Masserot, A.; Mastrogiovanni, S.; Meidam, J.; Mereni, L.; Merzougui, M.; Messenger, C.; Metzdorff, R.; Michel, C.; Milano, L.; Miller, A.; Minazzoli, O.; Minenkov, Y.; Montani, M.; Morisaki, S.; Mours, B.; Nagar, A.; Nardecchia, I.; Naticchioni, L.; Nelemans, G.; Nichols, D.; Nocera, F.; Obergaulinger, M.; Pagano, G.; Palomba, C.; Pannarale, F.; Paoletti, F.; Paoli, A.; Pasqualetti, A.; Passaquieti, R.; Passuello, D.; Patil, M.; Patricelli, B.; Pedurand, R.; Perreca, A.; Piccinni, O. J.; Pichot, M.; Piergiovanni, F.; Pillant, G.; Pinard, L.; Poggiani, R.; Popolizio, P.; Prodi, G. A.; Punturo, M.; Puppo, P.; Radulescu, N.; Raffai, P.; Rapagnani, P.; Raymond, V.; Razzano, M.; Regimbau, T.; Rei, L.; Ricci, F.; Rocchi, A.; Rolland, L.; Romanelli, M.; Romano, R.; Rosińska, D.; Ruggi, P.; Salconi, L.; Samajdar, A.; Sanchis-Gual, N.; Sassolas, B.; Schutz, B. F.; Sentenac, D.; Sequino, V.; Sieniawska, M.; Singh, N.; Singhal, A.; Sorrentino, F.; Stachie, C.; Steer, D. A.; Stratta, G.; Swinkels, B. L.; Tacca, M.; Tamanini, N.; Tiwari, S.; Tonelli, M.; Torres-Forné, A.; Travasso, F.; Tringali, M. C.; Trovato, A.; Trozzo, L.; Tsang, K. W.; Bakel, N. Van; Beuzekom, M. Van; Van Den Brand, J. F.J.; Van Den Broeck, C.; Van Den Schaaf, L.; Van Heijningen, J. V.; Vardaro, M.; Vasth, M.; Vedovato, G.; Veitch, J.; Verkindt, D.; Vetrano, F.; Viceré, A.; Vinet, J. Y.; Vocca, H.; Walet, R.; Wang, G.; Wang, Y. F.; Was, M.; Williamson, A. R.; Yvert, M.; Zadrożny, A.; Zelenova, T.; Zendri, J. P.; Zimmerman, A. B.

In: Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 871, No. 1, L13, 22.01.2019, p. 1-1.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Standard Siren Measurement of the Hubble Constant from GW170817 without the Electromagnetic Counterpart

AU - Fishbach, M.

AU - Gray, R.

AU - Hernandez, I. Magana

AU - Qi, H.

AU - Sur, A.

AU - Acernese, F.

AU - Aiello, L.

AU - Allocca, A.

AU - Aloy, M. A.

AU - Amato, A.

AU - Antier, S.

AU - Arene, M.

AU - Arnaud, N.

AU - Ascenzi, S.

AU - Astone, P.

AU - Aubin, F.

AU - Babak, S.

AU - Bacon, P.

AU - Badaracco, F.

AU - Bader, M. K.M.

AU - Baldaccini, F.

AU - Ballardin, G.

AU - Barone, F.

AU - Barsuglia, M.

AU - Barta, D.

AU - Basti, A.

AU - Bawaj, M.

AU - Bazzan, M.

AU - Bejger, M.

AU - Belahcene, I.

AU - Bernuzzi, S.

AU - Bersanetti, D.

AU - Bertolini, A.

AU - Bitossi, M.

AU - Bizouard, M. A.

AU - Blair, C. D.

AU - Bloemen, S.

AU - Boer, M.

AU - Bogaert, G.

AU - Bondu, F.

AU - Bonnand, R.

AU - Boom, B. A.

AU - Boschi, V.

AU - Bouffanais, Y.

AU - Bozzi, A.

AU - Bradaschia, C.

AU - Brady, P. R.

AU - Branchesi, M.

AU - Briant, T.

AU - Brighenti, F.

AU - Brillet, A.

AU - Brisson, V.

AU - Bulik, T.

AU - Bulten, H. J.

AU - Buskulic, D.

AU - Buy, C.

AU - Cagnoli, G.

AU - Calloni, E.

AU - Canepa, M.

AU - Capocasa, E.

AU - Carbognani, F.

AU - Carullo, G.

AU - Diaz, J. Casanueva

AU - Casentini, C.

AU - Caudill, S.

AU - Cavalier, F.

AU - Cavalieri, R.

AU - Cella, G.

AU - Cerdá-Durán, P.

AU - Cerretani, G.

AU - Cesarini, E.

AU - Chaibi, O.

AU - Chassande-Mottin, E.

AU - Chatziioannou, K.

AU - Chen, H. Y.

AU - Chincarini, A.

AU - Chiummo, A.

AU - Christensen, N.

AU - Chua, S.

AU - Ciani, G.

AU - Ciolfi, R.

AU - Cipriano, F.

AU - Cirone, A.

AU - Cleva, F.

AU - Coccia, E.

AU - Cohadon, P. F.

AU - Cohen, D.

AU - Conti, L.

AU - Cordero-Carrión, I.

AU - Cortese, S.

AU - Coughlin, M. W.

AU - Coulon, J. P.

AU - Croquette, M.

AU - Cuoco, E.

AU - Dálya, G.

AU - D'Antonio, S.

AU - Datrier, L. E.H.

AU - Dattilo, V.

AU - Davier, M.

AU - Degallaix, J.

AU - Laurentis, M. De

AU - Deléglise, S.

AU - Pozzo, W. Del

AU - Denys, M.

AU - De Pietri, R.

AU - De Rosa, R.

AU - De Rossi, C.

AU - Desalvo, R.

AU - Dietrich, T.

AU - Di Fiore, L.

AU - Di Giovanni, M.

AU - Di Girolamo, T.

AU - Di Lieto, A.

AU - Di Pace, S.

AU - Di Palma, I.

AU - Di Renzo, F.

AU - Doctor, Z.

AU - Drago, M.

AU - Ducoin, J. G.

AU - Eisenmann, M.

AU - Essick, R. C.

AU - Estevez, D.

AU - Fafone, V.

AU - Farinon, S.

AU - Farr, W. M.

AU - Feng, F.

AU - Ferrante, I.

AU - Ferrini, F.

AU - Fidecaro, F.

AU - Fiori, I.

AU - Fiorucci, D.

AU - Flaminio, R.

AU - Font, J. A.

AU - Fournier, J. D.

AU - Frasca, S.

AU - Frasconi, F.

AU - Frey, V.

AU - Gair, J. R.

AU - Gammaitoni, L.

AU - Garufi, F.

AU - Gemme, G.

AU - Genin, E.

AU - Gennai, A.

AU - George, D.

AU - Germain, V.

AU - Ghosh, A.

AU - Giacomazzo, B.

AU - Giazotto, A.

AU - Giordano, G.

AU - Gonzalez Castro, J. M.

AU - Gosselin, M.

AU - Gouaty, R.

AU - Grado, A.

AU - Granata, M.

AU - Greco, G.

AU - Groot, P.

AU - Gruning, P.

AU - Guidi, G. M.

AU - Guo, Y.

AU - Halim, O.

AU - Harms, J.

AU - Haster, C. J.

AU - Heidmann, A.

AU - Heitmann, H.

AU - Hello, P.

AU - Hemming, G.

AU - Hendry, M.

AU - Hinderer, T.

AU - Hoak, D.

AU - Hofman, D.

AU - Holz, D. E.

AU - Hreibi, A.

AU - Huet, D.

AU - Idzkowski, B.

AU - Iess, A.

AU - Intini, G.

AU - Isac, J. M.

AU - Jacqmin, T.

AU - Jaranowski, P.

AU - Jonker, R. J.G.

AU - Katsanevas, S.

AU - Katsavounidis, E.

AU - Kéfélian, F.

AU - Khan, I.

AU - Koekoek, G.

AU - Koley, S.

AU - Kowalska, I.

AU - Królak, A.

AU - Kutynia, A.

AU - Lange, J.

AU - Lartaux-Vollard, A.

AU - Lazzaro, C.

AU - Leaci, P.

AU - Letendre, N.

AU - Li, T. G.F.

AU - Linde, F.

AU - Longo, A.

AU - Lorenzini, M.

AU - Loriette, V.

AU - Losurdo, G.

AU - Lumaca, D.

AU - MacAs, R.

AU - MacQuet, A.

AU - Majorana, E.

AU - Maksimovic, I.

AU - Man, N.

AU - Mantovani, M.

AU - Marchesoni, F.

AU - Markakis, C.

AU - Marquina, A.

AU - Martelli, F.

AU - Massera, E.

AU - Masserot, A.

AU - Mastrogiovanni, S.

AU - Meidam, J.

AU - Mereni, L.

AU - Merzougui, M.

AU - Messenger, C.

AU - Metzdorff, R.

AU - Michel, C.

AU - Milano, L.

AU - Miller, A.

AU - Minazzoli, O.

AU - Minenkov, Y.

AU - Montani, M.

AU - Morisaki, S.

AU - Mours, B.

AU - Nagar, A.

AU - Nardecchia, I.

AU - Naticchioni, L.

AU - Nelemans, G.

AU - Nichols, D.

AU - Nocera, F.

AU - Obergaulinger, M.

AU - Pagano, G.

AU - Palomba, C.

AU - Pannarale, F.

AU - Paoletti, F.

AU - Paoli, A.

AU - Pasqualetti, A.

AU - Passaquieti, R.

AU - Passuello, D.

AU - Patil, M.

AU - Patricelli, B.

AU - Pedurand, R.

AU - Perreca, A.

AU - Piccinni, O. J.

AU - Pichot, M.

AU - Piergiovanni, F.

AU - Pillant, G.

AU - Pinard, L.

AU - Poggiani, R.

AU - Popolizio, P.

AU - Prodi, G. A.

AU - Punturo, M.

AU - Puppo, P.

AU - Radulescu, N.

AU - Raffai, P.

AU - Rapagnani, P.

AU - Raymond, V.

AU - Razzano, M.

AU - Regimbau, T.

AU - Rei, L.

AU - Ricci, F.

AU - Rocchi, A.

AU - Rolland, L.

AU - Romanelli, M.

AU - Romano, R.

AU - Rosińska, D.

AU - Ruggi, P.

AU - Salconi, L.

AU - Samajdar, A.

AU - Sanchis-Gual, N.

AU - Sassolas, B.

AU - Schutz, B. F.

AU - Sentenac, D.

AU - Sequino, V.

AU - Sieniawska, M.

AU - Singh, N.

AU - Singhal, A.

AU - Sorrentino, F.

AU - Stachie, C.

AU - Steer, D. A.

AU - Stratta, G.

AU - Swinkels, B. L.

AU - Tacca, M.

AU - Tamanini, N.

AU - Tiwari, S.

AU - Tonelli, M.

AU - Torres-Forné, A.

AU - Travasso, F.

AU - Tringali, M. C.

AU - Trovato, A.

AU - Trozzo, L.

AU - Tsang, K. W.

AU - Bakel, N. Van

AU - Beuzekom, M. Van

AU - Van Den Brand, J. F.J.

AU - Van Den Broeck, C.

AU - Van Den Schaaf, L.

AU - Van Heijningen, J. V.

AU - Vardaro, M.

AU - Vasth, M.

AU - Vedovato, G.

AU - Veitch, J.

AU - Verkindt, D.

AU - Vetrano, F.

AU - Viceré, A.

AU - Vinet, J. Y.

AU - Vocca, H.

AU - Walet, R.

AU - Wang, G.

AU - Wang, Y. F.

AU - Was, M.

AU - Williamson, A. R.

AU - Yvert, M.

AU - Zadrożny, A.

AU - Zelenova, T.

AU - Zendri, J. P.

AU - Zimmerman, A. B.

PY - 2019/1/22

Y1 - 2019/1/22

N2 - We perform a statistical standard siren analysis of GW170817. Our analysis does not utilize knowledge of NGC 4993 as the unique host galaxy of the optical counterpart to GW170817. Instead, we consider each galaxy within the GW170817 localization region as a potential host; combining the redshifts from all of the galaxies with the distance estimate from GW170817 provides an estimate of the Hubble constant, H 0 . Considering all galaxies brighter than as equally likely to host a binary neutron star merger, we find km s -1 Mpc -1 (maximum a posteriori and 68.3% highest density posterior interval; assuming a flat H 0 prior in the range km s -1 Mpc -1 ). We explore the dependence of our results on the thresholds by which galaxies are included in our sample, and we show that weighting the host galaxies by stellar mass or star formation rate provides entirely consistent results with potentially tighter constraints. By applying the method to simulated gravitational-wave events and a realistic galaxy catalog we show that, because of the small localization volume, this statistical standard siren analysis of GW170817 provides an unusually informative (top 10%) constraint. Under optimistic assumptions for galaxy completeness and redshift uncertainty, we find that dark binary neutron star measurements of H 0 will converge as , where N is the number of sources. While these statistical estimates are inferior to the value from the counterpart standard siren measurement utilizing NGC 4993 as the unique host, km s -1 Mpc -1 (determined from the same publicly available data), our analysis is a proof-of-principle demonstration of the statistical approach first proposed by Bernard Schutz over 30 yr ago.

AB - We perform a statistical standard siren analysis of GW170817. Our analysis does not utilize knowledge of NGC 4993 as the unique host galaxy of the optical counterpart to GW170817. Instead, we consider each galaxy within the GW170817 localization region as a potential host; combining the redshifts from all of the galaxies with the distance estimate from GW170817 provides an estimate of the Hubble constant, H 0 . Considering all galaxies brighter than as equally likely to host a binary neutron star merger, we find km s -1 Mpc -1 (maximum a posteriori and 68.3% highest density posterior interval; assuming a flat H 0 prior in the range km s -1 Mpc -1 ). We explore the dependence of our results on the thresholds by which galaxies are included in our sample, and we show that weighting the host galaxies by stellar mass or star formation rate provides entirely consistent results with potentially tighter constraints. By applying the method to simulated gravitational-wave events and a realistic galaxy catalog we show that, because of the small localization volume, this statistical standard siren analysis of GW170817 provides an unusually informative (top 10%) constraint. Under optimistic assumptions for galaxy completeness and redshift uncertainty, we find that dark binary neutron star measurements of H 0 will converge as , where N is the number of sources. While these statistical estimates are inferior to the value from the counterpart standard siren measurement utilizing NGC 4993 as the unique host, km s -1 Mpc -1 (determined from the same publicly available data), our analysis is a proof-of-principle demonstration of the statistical approach first proposed by Bernard Schutz over 30 yr ago.

KW - distance scale

KW - gravitational waves

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85062033429&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85062033429&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3847/2041-8213/aaf96e

DO - 10.3847/2041-8213/aaf96e

M3 - Article

VL - 871

SP - 1

EP - 1

JO - Astrophysical Journal Letters

JF - Astrophysical Journal Letters

SN - 2041-8205

IS - 1

M1 - L13

ER -