A state-of-the-art overview of job-crafting research: current trends and future research directions

Maria Tims*, Melissa Twemlow, Christine Yin Man Fong

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Purpose: In celebration of the 25th anniversary of the founding of Career Development International, a state-of-the-art overview of recent trends in job-crafting research was conducted. Since job crafting was introduced twenty years ago as a type of proactive work behavior that employees engage in to adjust their jobs to their needs, skills, and preferences, research has evolved tremendously. Design/methodology/approach: To take stock of recent developments and to unravel the latest trends in the field, this overview encompasses job-crafting research published in the years 2016–2021. The overview portrays that recent contributions have matured the theoretical and empirical advancement of job-crafting research from three perspectives (i.e. individual, team and social). Findings: When looking at the job-crafting literature through these three perspectives, a total of six trends were uncovered that show that job-crafting research has moved to a more in-depth theory-testing approach; broadened its scope; examined team-level job crafting and social relationships; and focused on the impact of job crafting on others in the work environment and their evaluations and reactions to it. Originality/value: The overview of recent trends within the job-crafting literature ends with a set of recommendations for how future research on job crafting could progress and create scientific impact for the coming years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-78
Number of pages25
JournalCareer Development International
Issue number1
Early online date1 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited.


  • Approach crafting
  • Avoidance crafting
  • Collaborative crafting
  • Employee behavior
  • Interpersonal relations
  • Job crafting


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