A study of narrative creation by means of crowds and niches

Oana Inel, Sabrina Sauer, Lora Aroyo

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Online video constitutes the largest, continuously growing portion of the Web content. Web users drive this growth by massively sharing their personal stories on social media platforms as compilations of their daily visual memories, or with animated GIFs and memes based on existing video material. Therefore, it is crucial to gain understanding of the semantics of video stories, i.e., what do they capture and how. The remix of visual content is also a powerful way of understanding the implicit aspects of storytelling, as well as the essential parts of audio-visual (AV) material. In this paper we take a digital hermeneutics approach to understand what are the visual attributes and semantics that drive the creation of narratives. We present insights from a nichesourcing study in which humanities scholars remix keyframes and video fragments into micro-narratives i.e., (sequences of) GIFs. To support the narrative creation for humanities scholars a specific video annotation is needed, e.g., (1) annotations that consider literal and abstract connotations of video material, and (2) annotations that are coarse-grained, i.e., focusing on keyframes and video fragments as opposed to full length videos. The main findings of the study are used to facilitate the automatic creation of narratives in the digital humanities exploratory search tool DIVE+1.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHCOMP 2018 Works in Progress and Demonstration Papers (HCOMP WIP&DEMO 2018)
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the HCOMP 2018 Works in Progress and Demonstration Papers. Track of the Sixth AAAI Conference on Human Computation and Crowdsourcing (HCOMP 2018). Zurich, Switzerland, July 5-8, 2018.
EditorsAlessandro Bozzon, Matteo Venanzi
Pages1-4
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018
Event2018 HCOMP Works in Progress and Demonstration Papers, HCOMP WIP and DEMO 2018 - Zurich, Switzerland
Duration: 5 Jul 20188 Jul 2018

Publication series

NameCEUR Workshop Proceedings
PublisherCEUR Workshop Proceedings
Volume2173
ISSN (Print)1613-0073

Conference

Conference2018 HCOMP Works in Progress and Demonstration Papers, HCOMP WIP and DEMO 2018
CountrySwitzerland
CityZurich
Period5/07/188/07/18

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  • Cite this

    Inel, O., Sauer, S., & Aroyo, L. (2018). A study of narrative creation by means of crowds and niches. In A. Bozzon, & M. Venanzi (Eds.), HCOMP 2018 Works in Progress and Demonstration Papers (HCOMP WIP&DEMO 2018): Proceedings of the HCOMP 2018 Works in Progress and Demonstration Papers. Track of the Sixth AAAI Conference on Human Computation and Crowdsourcing (HCOMP 2018). Zurich, Switzerland, July 5-8, 2018. (pp. 1-4). (CEUR Workshop Proceedings; Vol. 2173).