A systematic review and meta-analysis of risk factors for postpartum depression among Latinas

Lisa M. Edwards*, Huynh Nhu Le, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this article was to describe the findings from a systematic review, quality review, and meta-analysis of risk factors for postpartum depression among adult Latinas in the United States. Methods: Databases were searched from inception to May 2020 for studies published in English related to Latina/Hispanic mothers and risk factors of postpartum depression. Of 115 abstracts screened, 10 met the inclusion criteria for the review and meta-analysis. Eleven risk factors from these studies were included: acculturation, age, economic stress, education, marital status, number of children, prenatal depression, recent and remote intimate partner violence (IPV), general social support, and partner/father’s social support. Results: Partner/father’s social support had a large effect size. Prenatal depression and recent IPV had medium effect sizes, while education, economic stress, general social support and remote IPV had small effect sizes. Negligible effect sizes were found for age, marital status, number of children, and acculturation. Conclusions: Prenatal depression, IPV, social support (general and from partner/father), economic stress and education are risk factors that should be screened for when working with perinatal Latinas. Future directions for clinical practice and research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)554-564
Number of pages11
JournalMaternal and Child Health Journal
Volume25
Issue number4
Early online date4 Jan 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Latinas
  • Meta-analysis
  • Postpartum depression
  • Risk factors
  • Systematic review

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