A systematic review of the measurement properties of the Body Image Scale (BIS) in cancer patients

Heleen C. Melissant, Koen I. Neijenhuijs, Femke Jansen, Neil K. Aaronson, Mogens Groenvold, Bernhard Holzner, Caroline B. Terwee, Cornelia F. van Uden-Kraan, Pim Cuijpers, Irma M. Verdonck-de Leeuw

Research output: Contribution to JournalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Body image is acknowledged as an important aspect of health-related quality of life in cancer patients. The Body Image Scale (BIS) is a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) to evaluate body image in cancer patients. The aim of this study was to systematically review measurement properties of the BIS among cancer patients.

METHODS: A search in Embase, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Web of Science was performed to identify studies that investigated measurement properties of the BIS (Prospero ID 42017057237). Study quality was assessed (excellent, good, fair, poor), and data were extracted and analyzed according to the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) methodology on structural validity, internal consistency, reliability, measurement error, hypothesis testing for construct validity, and responsiveness. Evidence was categorized into sufficient, insufficient, inconsistent, or indeterminate.

RESULTS: Nine studies were included. Evidence was sufficient for structural validity (one factor solution), internal consistency (α = 0.86-0.96), and reliability (r > 0.70); indeterminate for measurement error (information on minimal important change lacked) and responsiveness (increasing body image disturbance in only one study); and inconsistent for hypothesis testing (conflicting results). Quality of the evidence was moderate to low. No studies reported on cross-cultural validity.

CONCLUSION: The BIS is a PROM with good structural validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability, but good quality studies on the other measurement properties are needed to optimize evidence. It is recommended to include a wider variety of cancer diagnoses and treatment modalities in these future studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1715-1726
Number of pages12
JournalSupportive Care in Cancer
Volume26
Issue number6
Early online date12 Mar 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018

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Body Image
Neoplasms
Reproducibility of Results
MEDLINE
Consensus
Quality of Life
Health

Keywords

  • Body image
  • Body Image Scale
  • Cancer
  • Measurement properties
  • PROM
  • Systematic review

Cite this

Melissant, Heleen C. ; Neijenhuijs, Koen I. ; Jansen, Femke ; Aaronson, Neil K. ; Groenvold, Mogens ; Holzner, Bernhard ; Terwee, Caroline B. ; van Uden-Kraan, Cornelia F. ; Cuijpers, Pim ; Verdonck-de Leeuw, Irma M. / A systematic review of the measurement properties of the Body Image Scale (BIS) in cancer patients. In: Supportive Care in Cancer. 2018 ; Vol. 26, No. 6. pp. 1715-1726.
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abstract = "INTRODUCTION: Body image is acknowledged as an important aspect of health-related quality of life in cancer patients. The Body Image Scale (BIS) is a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) to evaluate body image in cancer patients. The aim of this study was to systematically review measurement properties of the BIS among cancer patients.METHODS: A search in Embase, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Web of Science was performed to identify studies that investigated measurement properties of the BIS (Prospero ID 42017057237). Study quality was assessed (excellent, good, fair, poor), and data were extracted and analyzed according to the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) methodology on structural validity, internal consistency, reliability, measurement error, hypothesis testing for construct validity, and responsiveness. Evidence was categorized into sufficient, insufficient, inconsistent, or indeterminate.RESULTS: Nine studies were included. Evidence was sufficient for structural validity (one factor solution), internal consistency (α = 0.86-0.96), and reliability (r > 0.70); indeterminate for measurement error (information on minimal important change lacked) and responsiveness (increasing body image disturbance in only one study); and inconsistent for hypothesis testing (conflicting results). Quality of the evidence was moderate to low. No studies reported on cross-cultural validity.CONCLUSION: The BIS is a PROM with good structural validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability, but good quality studies on the other measurement properties are needed to optimize evidence. It is recommended to include a wider variety of cancer diagnoses and treatment modalities in these future studies.",
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A systematic review of the measurement properties of the Body Image Scale (BIS) in cancer patients. / Melissant, Heleen C.; Neijenhuijs, Koen I.; Jansen, Femke; Aaronson, Neil K.; Groenvold, Mogens; Holzner, Bernhard; Terwee, Caroline B.; van Uden-Kraan, Cornelia F.; Cuijpers, Pim; Verdonck-de Leeuw, Irma M.

In: Supportive Care in Cancer, Vol. 26, No. 6, 06.2018, p. 1715-1726.

Research output: Contribution to JournalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - A systematic review of the measurement properties of the Body Image Scale (BIS) in cancer patients

AU - Melissant, Heleen C.

AU - Neijenhuijs, Koen I.

AU - Jansen, Femke

AU - Aaronson, Neil K.

AU - Groenvold, Mogens

AU - Holzner, Bernhard

AU - Terwee, Caroline B.

AU - van Uden-Kraan, Cornelia F.

AU - Cuijpers, Pim

AU - Verdonck-de Leeuw, Irma M.

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N2 - INTRODUCTION: Body image is acknowledged as an important aspect of health-related quality of life in cancer patients. The Body Image Scale (BIS) is a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) to evaluate body image in cancer patients. The aim of this study was to systematically review measurement properties of the BIS among cancer patients.METHODS: A search in Embase, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Web of Science was performed to identify studies that investigated measurement properties of the BIS (Prospero ID 42017057237). Study quality was assessed (excellent, good, fair, poor), and data were extracted and analyzed according to the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) methodology on structural validity, internal consistency, reliability, measurement error, hypothesis testing for construct validity, and responsiveness. Evidence was categorized into sufficient, insufficient, inconsistent, or indeterminate.RESULTS: Nine studies were included. Evidence was sufficient for structural validity (one factor solution), internal consistency (α = 0.86-0.96), and reliability (r > 0.70); indeterminate for measurement error (information on minimal important change lacked) and responsiveness (increasing body image disturbance in only one study); and inconsistent for hypothesis testing (conflicting results). Quality of the evidence was moderate to low. No studies reported on cross-cultural validity.CONCLUSION: The BIS is a PROM with good structural validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability, but good quality studies on the other measurement properties are needed to optimize evidence. It is recommended to include a wider variety of cancer diagnoses and treatment modalities in these future studies.

AB - INTRODUCTION: Body image is acknowledged as an important aspect of health-related quality of life in cancer patients. The Body Image Scale (BIS) is a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) to evaluate body image in cancer patients. The aim of this study was to systematically review measurement properties of the BIS among cancer patients.METHODS: A search in Embase, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Web of Science was performed to identify studies that investigated measurement properties of the BIS (Prospero ID 42017057237). Study quality was assessed (excellent, good, fair, poor), and data were extracted and analyzed according to the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) methodology on structural validity, internal consistency, reliability, measurement error, hypothesis testing for construct validity, and responsiveness. Evidence was categorized into sufficient, insufficient, inconsistent, or indeterminate.RESULTS: Nine studies were included. Evidence was sufficient for structural validity (one factor solution), internal consistency (α = 0.86-0.96), and reliability (r > 0.70); indeterminate for measurement error (information on minimal important change lacked) and responsiveness (increasing body image disturbance in only one study); and inconsistent for hypothesis testing (conflicting results). Quality of the evidence was moderate to low. No studies reported on cross-cultural validity.CONCLUSION: The BIS is a PROM with good structural validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability, but good quality studies on the other measurement properties are needed to optimize evidence. It is recommended to include a wider variety of cancer diagnoses and treatment modalities in these future studies.

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