This article focuses on the implications of the integration of computer technology into education for teachers, the teaching profession and the educational labor market. A Delphi study was done, consisting of interviews with experts in the field of educational technology and a round-table discussion of the results of the interviews. This resulted in two scenarios about the future of computer technology in education and its impact on teaching. In the first scenario educational technology primarily supports individualization of learning processes, in the second scenario the emphasis is on authentic learning in a community of learners, supported by technology. The article discusses these scenarios and their implications for the role of the teacher, the teaching profession and the educational labor market. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.