A World of Cobenefits: Solving the Global Nitrogen Challenge

Benjamin Z. Houlton*, Maya Almaraz, Viney Aneja, Amy T. Austin, Edith Bai, Kenneth G. Cassman, Jana E. Compton, Eric A. Davidson, Jan Willem Erisman, James N. Galloway, Baojing Gu, Guolin Yao, Luiz A. Martinelli, Kate Scow, William H. Schlesinger, Thomas P. Tomich, Chao Wang, Xin Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalReview articleAcademicpeer-review


Nitrogen is a critical component of the economy, food security, and planetary health. Many of the world's sustainability targets hinge on global nitrogen solutions, which, in turn, contribute lasting benefits for (i) world hunger; (ii) soil, air, and water quality; (iii) climate change mitigation; and (iv) biodiversity conservation. Balancing the projected rise in agricultural nitrogen demands while achieving these 21st century ideals will require policies to coordinate solutions among technologies, consumer choice, and socioeconomic transformation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)865-872
Number of pages8
JournalEarth's Future
Issue number8
Early online date23 Jul 2019
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019


  • biogeoscience
  • climate change
  • nitrogen
  • planetary health
  • policy
  • technology


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