Accommodation or confrontation? Explaining differences in policies towards Iran

W.M. Wagner, M. Onderco

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Even though democracies by and large share the perception of Iran as a threat to peace and security, they disagree over the appropriate policy response. This paper examines why some democracies prefer accommodation while others plead for confrontation. Using a new data set on democracies' policies toward Iran in the 2000s, we assess the impact of power positions, commercial interests, and domestic political cultures while controlling for government ideology. While we find little support for any impact of power positions, "cultures of dealing with deviance," that is, the discourses and practices of dealing with violations of norms domestically as institutionalized in a society's criminal law and justice system, have a substantial and statistically significant effect on state policies. Finally, we find qualified support for commercial liberalism: Whereas high levels of total trade do not have the expected effect of making states more accommodationist, high levels of trade in strategic goods such as oil do.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)717-728
JournalInternational Studies Quarterly
Volume58
Early online date12 Feb 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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accommodation
Iran
democracy
criminal law
deviant behavior
political culture
liberalism
peace
ideology
justice
threat
discourse
society

Cite this

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abstract = "Even though democracies by and large share the perception of Iran as a threat to peace and security, they disagree over the appropriate policy response. This paper examines why some democracies prefer accommodation while others plead for confrontation. Using a new data set on democracies' policies toward Iran in the 2000s, we assess the impact of power positions, commercial interests, and domestic political cultures while controlling for government ideology. While we find little support for any impact of power positions, {"}cultures of dealing with deviance,{"} that is, the discourses and practices of dealing with violations of norms domestically as institutionalized in a society's criminal law and justice system, have a substantial and statistically significant effect on state policies. Finally, we find qualified support for commercial liberalism: Whereas high levels of total trade do not have the expected effect of making states more accommodationist, high levels of trade in strategic goods such as oil do.",
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Accommodation or confrontation? Explaining differences in policies towards Iran. / Wagner, W.M.; Onderco, M.

In: International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 58, 2014, p. 717-728.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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