Accuracy of computer-assisted surgery in maxillary reconstruction: A systematic review

G.J.C. van Baar, K. Schipper, T. Forouzanfar, L. Leeuwrik, H.A.H. Winters, A. Ridwan-Pramana, F.K.J. Leusink

Research output: Contribution to JournalReview articleAcademicpeer-review


© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.Computer-assisted surgery (CAS) in maxillary reconstruction has proven its value regarding more predictable postoperative results. However, the accuracy evaluation methods differ between studies, and no meta-analysis has been performed yet. A systematic review was performed in the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases, using a Patient, Intervention, Comparison and Outcome (PICO) method: (P) patients in need of maxillary reconstruction using free osteocuta-neous tissue transfer, (I) reconstructed according to a virtual plan in CAS software, (C) compared to the actual postoperative result, and (O) postoperatively measured by a quantitative accuracy as-sessment) search strategy, and was reported according to the PRISMA statement. We reviewed all of the studies that quantitatively assessed the accuracy of maxillary reconstructions using CAS. Twelve studies matched the inclusion criteria, reporting 67 maxillary reconstructions. All of the included studies compared postoperative 3D models to preoperative 3D models (revised to the virtual plan). The postoperative accuracy measurements mainly focused on the position of the fibular bony segments. Only approximate comparisons of postoperative accuracy between studies were feasible because of small differences in the postoperative measurement methods; the accuracy of the bony segment positioning ranged between 0.44 mm and 7.8 mm, and between 2.90° and 6.96°. A postoperative evaluation guideline to create uniformity in evaluation methods needs to be considered so as to allow for valid comparisons of postoperative results and to facilitate meta-analyses in the future. With the proper validation of the postoperative results, future research might explore more definitive evidence regarding the management and superiority of CAS in maxillary and mid-face reconstruction.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1226
Pages (from-to)1-13
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2 Mar 2021


Dive into the research topics of 'Accuracy of computer-assisted surgery in maxillary reconstruction: A systematic review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this