Accuracy of direct segmental multi-frequency bioimpedance analysis in the assessment of total body and segmental body composition in middle-aged adult population

Carolina H Y Ling*, Anton J M de Craen, Pieternella E. Slagboom, Dave A. Gunn, Marcel P M Stokkel, Rudi G J Westendorp, Andrea B. Maier

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background & aims: Body composition measurement is a valuable tool for assessing nutritional status and physical fitness in a variety of clinical settings. Although bioimpedance analysis (BIA) can easily assess body composition, its accuracy remains unclear. We examined the accuracy of direct segmental multi-frequency BIA technique (DSM-BIA) in assessing different body composition parameters, using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) as a reference standard. Methods: A total of 484 middle-aged participants from the Leiden Longevity Study were recruited. Agreements between DSM-BIA and DEXA for total and segmental body composition quantification were assessed using intraclass correlation coefficients and Bland-Altman plots. Results: Excellent agreements were observed between both techniques in whole body lean mass (ICC female = 0.95, ICC men = 0.96), fat mass (ICC female = 0.97, ICC male = 0.93) and percentage body fat (ICC female = 0.93, ICC male = 0.88) measurements. Similarly, Bland-Altman plots revealed narrow limits of agreements with small biases noted for the whole body lean mass quantification but relatively wider limits for fat mass and percentage body fat quantifications. In segmental lean muscle mass quantification, excellent agreements between methods were demonstrated for the upper limbs (ICC female≥0.91, ICC men≥0.87) and lower limbs (ICC female≥0.83, ICC male≥0.85), with good agreements shown for the trunk measurements (ICC female = 0.73, ICC male = 0.70). Conclusions: DSM-BIA is a valid tool for the assessments of total body and segmental body composition in the general middle-aged population, particularly for the quantification of body lean mass.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)610-615
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Nutrition
Volume30
Issue number5
Early online date8 May 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

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Keywords

  • Bioelectrical impedance
  • Body composition
  • Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry
  • Middle-aged adults

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