Acting Autonomously Versus Not Acting Heteronomously

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This paper presents a formal framework that purports to capture some aspects of Kant's theory of freedom. In particular, we argue that the analysis sheds further light on Kant's distinction between a negative and a positive concept of freedom. The paper shows that the two concepts are not equivalent: we not only argue that in a Kantian perspective negative freedom need not entail positive freedom, but also that there are situations in which a person can be said to be positively but not negatively free ( in a Kantian sense).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-355
Number of pages19
JournalTheory and Decision
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2003


  • Autonomy
  • Kant
  • Negative freedom
  • Positive freedom


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