Acute effects of decaffeinated coffee and the major coffee components chlorogenic acid and trigonelline on glucose tolerance

A.E. van Dijk, M.R. Olthof, J.C. Meeuse, E. Seebus, R.J. Heine, R.M. van Dam

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE - Coffee consumption has been associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes. We evaluated the acute effects of decaffeinated coffee and the major coffee components chlorogenic acid and trigonelline on glucose tolerance. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - We conducted a randomized crossover trial of the effects of 12 g decaffeinated coffee, 1 g chlorogenic acid, 500 mg trigonelline, and placebo (1 g mannitol) on glucose and insulin concentrations during a 2-h oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in 15 overweight men. RESULTS - Chlorogenic acid and trigonelline ingestion significantly reduced glucose (-0.7 mmol/l, P = 0.007, and -0.5 mmol/l, P = 0.024, respectively) and insulin (-73 pmol/l, P = 0.038, and -117 pmol/l, P = 0.007) concentrations 15 min following an OGTT compared with placebo. None of the treatments affected insulin or glucose area under the curve values during the OGTT compared with placebo. CONCLUSIONS - Chlorogenic acid and trigonelline reduced early glucose and insulin responses during an OGTT. © 2009 by the American Diabetes Association.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1023-1025
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Bibliographical note

DA - 20090522 LA - eng JT - Diabetes care

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