Adaptations in water harvesting technologies for enhancing food security and livelihood: A multi-country study in Sub-Saharan Africa

D. Snelder, F. Kahimba, O. Korodjouma, A. Abebe, E. Oughton, L. Bunclark, R. Lasage

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The objective of this paper was to examine farmer-directed technology adaptation of selected water harvesting technologies (WHTs) in order to enhance their potential contribution to food security and livelihood improvement in sub-Saharan Africa. The selected WHTs included micro- and meso-scale reservoirs that store water in the soil (in situ) or in a reservoir, respectively: household ponds in Ethiopia, ndiva systems in Tanzania and combinations of mechanized zaï, grass strips and bunds in Burkina Faso. The impact of non-adapted WHTs was below expectation. Although WHTs improved yields, most families were unable to meet their (nutritional) food needs every year and experienced limited or no long-term effects on sustainable livelihood. The lining of household ponds and conveyance canals with durable materials gave promising results, yet needs economic consideration; a minimum investment may form a barrier particularly to resource-poor farmers. Incorporation of the location-specific nature of farming and livelihoods into WHT interventions is recommended, along with incentive measures to support farmers including the provision of access to credits and inputs for agricultural production.

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationRainwater-Smart Agriculture in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas
Subtitle of host publicationFostering the Use of Rainwater for Food Security, Poverty Alleviation, Landscape Restoration and Climate Resilience
EditorsWalter Leal Filho, Josep de Trincheria Gomez
PublisherSpringer International Publishing Switzerland
Chapter6
Pages95-119
Number of pages25
ISBN (Electronic)9783319662398
ISBN (Print)9783319662381
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Fingerprint

water harvesting
Food Supply
Africa South of the Sahara
Sub-Saharan Africa
livelihood
food security
food
Technology
water
Water
farmer
Ponds
households
limited resource farmers
pond
bunds
farmers
Burkina Faso
Ethiopia
canals (waterways)

Keywords

  • Arid and semi-arid areas
  • Bunds
  • Ndiva
  • Ponds
  • Zaï

Cite this

Snelder, D., Kahimba, F., Korodjouma, O., Abebe, A., Oughton, E., Bunclark, L., & Lasage, R. (2018). Adaptations in water harvesting technologies for enhancing food security and livelihood: A multi-country study in Sub-Saharan Africa. In W. Leal Filho, & J. de Trincheria Gomez (Eds.), Rainwater-Smart Agriculture in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas: Fostering the Use of Rainwater for Food Security, Poverty Alleviation, Landscape Restoration and Climate Resilience (pp. 95-119). Springer International Publishing Switzerland. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-66239-8_6
Snelder, D. ; Kahimba, F. ; Korodjouma, O. ; Abebe, A. ; Oughton, E. ; Bunclark, L. ; Lasage, R./ Adaptations in water harvesting technologies for enhancing food security and livelihood : A multi-country study in Sub-Saharan Africa. Rainwater-Smart Agriculture in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas: Fostering the Use of Rainwater for Food Security, Poverty Alleviation, Landscape Restoration and Climate Resilience. editor / Walter Leal Filho ; Josep de Trincheria Gomez. Springer International Publishing Switzerland, 2018. pp. 95-119
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Snelder, D, Kahimba, F, Korodjouma, O, Abebe, A, Oughton, E, Bunclark, L & Lasage, R 2018, Adaptations in water harvesting technologies for enhancing food security and livelihood: A multi-country study in Sub-Saharan Africa. in W Leal Filho & J de Trincheria Gomez (eds), Rainwater-Smart Agriculture in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas: Fostering the Use of Rainwater for Food Security, Poverty Alleviation, Landscape Restoration and Climate Resilience. Springer International Publishing Switzerland, pp. 95-119. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-66239-8_6

Adaptations in water harvesting technologies for enhancing food security and livelihood : A multi-country study in Sub-Saharan Africa. / Snelder, D.; Kahimba, F.; Korodjouma, O.; Abebe, A.; Oughton, E.; Bunclark, L.; Lasage, R.

Rainwater-Smart Agriculture in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas: Fostering the Use of Rainwater for Food Security, Poverty Alleviation, Landscape Restoration and Climate Resilience. ed. / Walter Leal Filho; Josep de Trincheria Gomez. Springer International Publishing Switzerland, 2018. p. 95-119.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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AB - The objective of this paper was to examine farmer-directed technology adaptation of selected water harvesting technologies (WHTs) in order to enhance their potential contribution to food security and livelihood improvement in sub-Saharan Africa. The selected WHTs included micro- and meso-scale reservoirs that store water in the soil (in situ) or in a reservoir, respectively: household ponds in Ethiopia, ndiva systems in Tanzania and combinations of mechanized zaï, grass strips and bunds in Burkina Faso. The impact of non-adapted WHTs was below expectation. Although WHTs improved yields, most families were unable to meet their (nutritional) food needs every year and experienced limited or no long-term effects on sustainable livelihood. The lining of household ponds and conveyance canals with durable materials gave promising results, yet needs economic consideration; a minimum investment may form a barrier particularly to resource-poor farmers. Incorporation of the location-specific nature of farming and livelihoods into WHT interventions is recommended, along with incentive measures to support farmers including the provision of access to credits and inputs for agricultural production.

KW - Arid and semi-arid areas

KW - Bunds

KW - Ndiva

KW - Ponds

KW - Zaï

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M3 - Chapter

SN - 9783319662381

SP - 95

EP - 119

BT - Rainwater-Smart Agriculture in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas

PB - Springer International Publishing Switzerland

ER -

Snelder D, Kahimba F, Korodjouma O, Abebe A, Oughton E, Bunclark L et al. Adaptations in water harvesting technologies for enhancing food security and livelihood: A multi-country study in Sub-Saharan Africa. In Leal Filho W, de Trincheria Gomez J, editors, Rainwater-Smart Agriculture in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas: Fostering the Use of Rainwater for Food Security, Poverty Alleviation, Landscape Restoration and Climate Resilience. Springer International Publishing Switzerland. 2018. p. 95-119. Available from, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-66239-8_6