Adaptive, locally-linear models of complex dynamics (preprint)

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademic

Abstract

The dynamics of complex systems generally include high-dimensional, non-stationary and non-linear behavior, all of which pose fundamental challenges to quantitative understanding. To address these difficulties we detail a new approach based on local linear models within windows determined adaptively from the data. While the dynamics within each window are simple, consisting of exponential decay, growth and oscillations, the collection of local parameters across all windows provides a principled characterization of the full time series. To explore the resulting model space, we develop a novel likelihood-based hierarchical clustering and we examine the eigenvalues of the linear dynamics. We demonstrate our analysis with the Lorenz system undergoing stable spiral dynamics and in the standard chaotic regime. Applied to the posture dynamics of the nematode $C. elegans$ our approach identifies fine-grained behavioral states and model dynamics which fluctuate close to an instability boundary, and we detail a bifurcation in a transition from forward to backward crawling. Finally, we analyze whole-brain imaging in $C. elegans$ and show that the stability of global brain states changes with oxygen concentration.
Original languageEnglish
JournalarXiv preprint arXiv:1501.03933
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 2018

Fingerprint

brain
posture
eigenvalue
bifurcation
nematode
oscillation
time series
oxygen
analysis
parameter

Bibliographical note

19 pages, 11 figures

Keywords

  • q-bio.QM

Cite this

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title = "Adaptive, locally-linear models of complex dynamics (preprint)",
abstract = "The dynamics of complex systems generally include high-dimensional, non-stationary and non-linear behavior, all of which pose fundamental challenges to quantitative understanding. To address these difficulties we detail a new approach based on local linear models within windows determined adaptively from the data. While the dynamics within each window are simple, consisting of exponential decay, growth and oscillations, the collection of local parameters across all windows provides a principled characterization of the full time series. To explore the resulting model space, we develop a novel likelihood-based hierarchical clustering and we examine the eigenvalues of the linear dynamics. We demonstrate our analysis with the Lorenz system undergoing stable spiral dynamics and in the standard chaotic regime. Applied to the posture dynamics of the nematode $C. elegans$ our approach identifies fine-grained behavioral states and model dynamics which fluctuate close to an instability boundary, and we detail a bifurcation in a transition from forward to backward crawling. Finally, we analyze whole-brain imaging in $C. elegans$ and show that the stability of global brain states changes with oxygen concentration.",
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Adaptive, locally-linear models of complex dynamics (preprint). / Costa, Antonio Carlos; Ahamed, Tosif; Stephens, Greg J.

In: arXiv preprint arXiv:1501.03933, 25.07.2018.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademic

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adaptive, locally-linear models of complex dynamics (preprint)

AU - Costa, Antonio Carlos

AU - Ahamed, Tosif

AU - Stephens, Greg J.

N1 - 19 pages, 11 figures

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N2 - The dynamics of complex systems generally include high-dimensional, non-stationary and non-linear behavior, all of which pose fundamental challenges to quantitative understanding. To address these difficulties we detail a new approach based on local linear models within windows determined adaptively from the data. While the dynamics within each window are simple, consisting of exponential decay, growth and oscillations, the collection of local parameters across all windows provides a principled characterization of the full time series. To explore the resulting model space, we develop a novel likelihood-based hierarchical clustering and we examine the eigenvalues of the linear dynamics. We demonstrate our analysis with the Lorenz system undergoing stable spiral dynamics and in the standard chaotic regime. Applied to the posture dynamics of the nematode $C. elegans$ our approach identifies fine-grained behavioral states and model dynamics which fluctuate close to an instability boundary, and we detail a bifurcation in a transition from forward to backward crawling. Finally, we analyze whole-brain imaging in $C. elegans$ and show that the stability of global brain states changes with oxygen concentration.

AB - The dynamics of complex systems generally include high-dimensional, non-stationary and non-linear behavior, all of which pose fundamental challenges to quantitative understanding. To address these difficulties we detail a new approach based on local linear models within windows determined adaptively from the data. While the dynamics within each window are simple, consisting of exponential decay, growth and oscillations, the collection of local parameters across all windows provides a principled characterization of the full time series. To explore the resulting model space, we develop a novel likelihood-based hierarchical clustering and we examine the eigenvalues of the linear dynamics. We demonstrate our analysis with the Lorenz system undergoing stable spiral dynamics and in the standard chaotic regime. Applied to the posture dynamics of the nematode $C. elegans$ our approach identifies fine-grained behavioral states and model dynamics which fluctuate close to an instability boundary, and we detail a bifurcation in a transition from forward to backward crawling. Finally, we analyze whole-brain imaging in $C. elegans$ and show that the stability of global brain states changes with oxygen concentration.

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