Brief report: additive and subtractive counterfactual reasoning of children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorders

S. Begeer, M. Meerum Terwogt, P. Lunenburg, G.T.M. Stegge

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

88 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The development of additive ('If only I had done...') and subtractive ('If only I had not done') counterfactual reasoning was examined in children with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders (HFASD) (n = 72) and typically developing controls (n = 71), aged 6-12 years. Children were presented four stories where they could generate counterfactuals based on a given consequent (e.g., 'you left muddy footprints in the kitchen. How could that have been prevented?'). Children with HFASD increasingly used subtractive counterfactuals as they got older, but controls showed an increase in additive counterfactuals, which may be linked to their growing adaptive and flexible skills. Children with HFASD likely develop different strategies for their counterfactual reasoning. The role of IQ and ideational fluency will be discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1593-1597
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume39
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Bibliographical note

DA - 20091012 LA - eng JT - Journal of autism and developmental disorders

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Brief report: additive and subtractive counterfactual reasoning of children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorders'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this