Aerobic and anaerobic bacteria – Respiration without oxygen

Rob van Spanning*, John van der Oost, David Richardson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterPopular


Respiration is a gas exchange process during which oxygen is “inhaled” and
carbon dioxide “exhaled”. Oxygen is needed for the combustion of food to release
energy that is subsequently converted into a usable form. Most bacteria,
however, live without oxygen. They have developed alternative forms of energy
conversion, including anaerobic respiration. How do they survive without
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMighty Microbes
Subtitle of host publicationThe amazing world of microorganisms
EditorsJoop van Doorn, Joen Luirink, John van der Oost, Bauke Oudega, Lesley Robertson, Henk Smit, Peter Willemsen
Publisher Microcanon Foundation / Stichting Microcanon
ISBN (Print)ISBN 978-90-816644-4-8
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Microbes
  • Microorganisms

VU Research Profile

  • Human Health and Life Sciences


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